Organisational set-up and training
People are the most important asset of food and dairy processing
plants. Ulicky (1989) reported that so far 6 training sessions at the Livestock
Training Institute (LITI), Tengeru have been done on the manufacture of cheese.
Also an expert consultant from FAO was brought to the Lossaa womens group in Hai
district to teach them how to make Pasta filata type of cheese. Later on they
were successfully introduced to semi-arid, Alpine type of cheese by local
experts from SUA. Also selected members attended a course on small scale
industrial management and accounting at the cooperative college at Moshi. The
womens of Lossaa, Nronga and Ng'uni have advanced in tackling the problem of
milk marketing. We can learn that cooperatives are really a tool for self
sustenance and self reliance. The members appear determined, motivated to
actualise themselves, utilize their own power and try to develop themselves.
They have solved problems of finding feed, transport, walking for long distances
to sell milk and to get a market of their products (Ulicky, 1989; Phelan, 1990;
Kurwijila, 1990). Such developments and training need to be extended to other
regions in Tanzania.
Also dairies attached to diploma colleges must be provided with
equipment and layout resembling those which students are expected to work with
in rural areas later on. It is advisable to integrate such dairy operations in
the training curriculum of the students on a day to day basis. Ideally such
practical training facilities should be run by students only (Schulthess, 1987).
Follow up visits should be done to reveal if the trainees were passing on their
newly acquired skills to farmers and that the equipment was being used properly