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close this bookOpportunities for forestry investment in Asia and the Pacific through carbon offset initiatives. (1997)
close this folder3 OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS IN THE FORESTRY SECTOR
close this folder3.1 Forestry Opportunities in the Asia/Pacific
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.1.1 Forest Conservation/Preservation
View the document3.1.2 Forest Rehabilitation/Reforestation
View the document3.1.3 Improved Forest Management/Reduced Impact Logging (RIL)
View the document3.1.4 Commercial Plantations and Community Forestry
View the document3.1.5 Biomass Energy/Fuelwood
View the document3.1.6 Urban Forestry

3.1.2 Forest Rehabilitation/Reforestation

In areas substantially affected by conventional industrial logging, the utilization of enrichment planting techniques may be appropriate. Failure to apply some type of treatment will likely cause regeneration of lower- value pioneer species. It will also cause decreasing carbon sequestration while increasing future risks of forest fire and agricultural conversion. However, little economic incentive exists for this type of reforestation due to short duration concessions and unenforced legislation.

AIJ investment can help pay for such rehabilitation, which can take many forms. For example, there is an ongoing carbon offset driven rehabilitation project in Sabah, Malaysia, which is planting high value dipterocarps and fruit trees in areas of logging disturbance. Other proposals have suggested using rattans as part of the rehabilitation effort. While low in biomass and carbon value, the economic activity generated by rattan would likely take pressure off potential forest conversion areas. Lastly, the ongoing research regarding grasslands rehabilitation clearly has applicability to AIJ financing scenarios.

In the Asia Pacific region vast areas of historically forested Imperata grassland exist that offer substantial opportunity for reforestation. Significant research has been conducted on how to convert such grasslands to productive forest land. A number of projects or even a regional programme could conceivably be created to convert these areas to forest.