|FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 52 Reforming water resources policy A guide to methods, processes and practices (1995)|
|Chapter 3 - Principles|
In the previous section it was argued that recognizing the growing scarcity of water should be an underlying principle in all attempts at reforming this sector. In other words, water should be treated as an economic resource.
However, a number of other criteria - which are often inter-related - come into play in planning and managing water systems, and different countries will place varying emphases on these. They include:
· equity and distributional effects,
· public health and nutrition,
· environmental impact,
· fiscal impact,
· political and public acceptability,
· sustainability, and
· administrative feasibility.
Other criteria may also be relevant in particular circumstances, e.g., impact on food self-sufficiency, regional development, the urban-rural balance, a desire for self-sufficiency in water, etc.
These criteria are briefly discussed below.