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close this bookEstimating biomass and biomass change of tropical forests: a primer. (FAO Forestry Paper - 134) (1997)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentFOREWORD
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentABBREVIATIONS
Open this folder and view contents1. INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contents2. PURPOSE AND SCOPE OF PRIMER ON ESTIMATING BIOMASS
Open this folder and view contents3. METHODS FOR ESTIMATING BIOMASS DENSITY FROM EXISTING DATA
Open this folder and view contents4. PRIMARY DATA AD FIELD MEASUREMENT FOR BIOMASS ESTIMATION
Open this folder and view contents5. BIOMASS DENSITY ESTIMATES FOR DEVELOPING COUNTIES BASED ON EXISTING INVENTORIES
Open this folder and view contents6. BIOMASS ESTIMATES FROM GIS MODELING
Open this folder and view contents7. FUTURE DIRECTIONS TO ESTIMATE BIOMASS CHANGE
View the document8. REFERENCES
Open this folder and view contentsAPPENDICES
View the documentFAO TECHNICAL PAPERS

FAO TECHNICAL PAPERS

FAO FORESTRY PAPERS

1

Forest utilization contracts on public land, 1977 (E F S)

2

Planning forest roads and harvesting systems, 1977 (E F S)

3

World list of forestry schools, 1977 (E/F/S)

3 Rev. 1

World list of forestry schools, 1981 (E/F/S)

3 Rev. 2

World list of forestry schools, 1986 (E/F/S)

4/1

World pulp and paper demand, supply and trade 1 - Vol. 1, 1977 (E F S)

4/2

World pulp and paper demand, supply and trade - Vol. 2, 1977 (E F S)

5

The marketing of tropical wood in South America, 1976 (E S)

6

National parks planning, 1976 (E F S**)

7

Forestry for local community development, 1978 (Ar E F S)

8

Establishment techniques for forest plantations, 1978 (Ar C E* F S)

9

Wood chips - production, handling, transport, 1976 (C E S)

10/1

Assessment of logging costs from forest inventories in the tropics - 1. Principles and methodology, 1978 (E F S)

10/2

Assessment of logging costs from forest inventories in the tropics - 2. Data collection and calculations, 1978 (E F S)

11

Savanna afforestation in Africa, 1977 (E F)

12

China: forestry support for agriculture, 1978 (E)

13

Forest products prices 1960-1977, 1979 (E/F/S)

14

Mountain forest roads and harvesting, 1979 (E)

14 Rev. 1

Logging and transport in steep terrain, 1985 (E)

15

AGRIS forestry - world catalogue of information and documentation services, 1979 (E/F/S)

16

China: integrated wood processing industries, 1979 (E F S)

17

Economic analysis of forestry projects, 1979 (E F S)

17 Sup. 1

Economic analysis of forestry projects: case studies, 1979 (E S)

17 Sup. 2

Economic analysis of forestry projects: readings, 1980 (C E)

18

Forest products prices 1960-1978, 1980 (E/F/S)

19/1

Pulping and paper-making properties of fast-growing plantation wood species - Vol. 1, 1980 (E)

19/2

Pulping and paper-making properties of fast-growing plantation wood species - Vol. 2, 1980 (E)

20

Forest tree improvement, 1985 (C E F S)

20/2

A guide to forest seed handling, 1985 (E S)

21

Impact on soils of fast-growing species in lowland humid tropics, 1980 (E F S)

22/1

Forest volume estimation and yield prediction - Vol. 1. Volume estimation, 1980 (C E F S)

22/2

Forest volume estimation and yield prediction - Vol. 2. Yield prediction, 1980 (C E F S)

23

Forest products prices 1961-1980, 1981 (E/F/S)

24

Cable logging systems, 1981 (C E)

25

Public forestry administrations in Latin America, 1981 (E)

26

Forestry and rural development, 1981 (E F S)

27

Manual of forest inventory, 1981 (E F)

28

Small and medium sawmills in developing countries, 1981 (E S)

29

World forest products, demand and supply 1990 and 2000, 1982 (E F S)

30

Tropical forest resources, 1982 (E F S)

31

Appropriate technology in forestry, 1982 (E)

32

Classification and definitions of forest products, 1982 (Ar/E/F/S)

33

Logging of mountain forests, 1982 (E F S)

34

Fruit-bearing forest trees, 1982 (E F S)

35

Forestry in China, 1982 (C E)

36

Basic technology in forest operations, 1982 (E F S)

37

Conservation and development of tropical forest resources, 1982 (E F S)

38

Forest products prices 1962-1981, 1982 (E/F/S)

39

Frame saw manual, 1982 (E)

40

Circular saw manual, 1983 (E)

41

Simple technologies for charcoal making, 1983 (E F S)

42

Fuelwood supplies in the developing countries, 1983 (Ar E F S)

43

Forest revenue systems in developing countries, 1983 (E F S)

44/1

Food and fruit-bearing forest species - 1. Examples from eastern Africa, 1983 (E F S)

44/2

Food and fruit-bearing forest species - 2. Examples from southeastern Asia, 1984 (E F S)

44/3

Food and fruit-bearing forest species - 3. Examples from Latin America, 1986 (E S)

45

Establishing pulp and paper mills, 1983 (E)

46

Forest products prices 1963-1982, 1983 (E/F/S)

47

Technical forestry education - design and implementation, 1984 (E F S)

48

Land evaluation for forestry, 1984 (C E F S)

49

Wood extraction with oxen and agricultural tractors, 1986 (E F S)

50

Changes in shifting cultivation in Africa, 1984 (E F)

50/1

Changes in shifting cultivation in Africa - seven case-studies, 1985 (E)

51/1

Studies on the volume and yield of tropical forest stands - 1. Dry forest formations, 1989 (E F)

52/1

Cost estimating in sawmilling industries: guidelines, 1984 (E)

52/2

Field manual on cost estimation in sawmilling industries, 1985 (E)

53

Intensive multiple-use forest management in Kerala, 1984 (E F S)

54

Planificación del desarrollo forestal, 1984 (S)

55

Intensive multiple-use forest management in the tropics, 1985 (E F S)

56

Breeding poplars for disease resistance, 1985 (E)

57

Coconut wood - Processing and use, 1985 (E S)

58

Sawdoctoring manual, 1985 (E S)

59

The ecological effects of eucalyptus, 1985 (C E F S)

60

Monitoring and evaluation of participatory forestry projects, 1985 (E F S)

61

Forest products prices 1965-1984, 1985 (E/F/S)

62

World list of institutions engaged in forestry and forest products research, 1985 (E/F/S)

63

Industrial charcoal making, 1985 (E)

64

Tree growing by rural people, 1985 (Ar E F S)

65

Forest legislation in selected African countries, 1986 (E F)

66

Forestry extension organization, 1986 (C E S)

67

Some medicinal forest plants of Africa and Latin America, 1986 (E)

68

Appropriate forest industries, 1986 (E)

69

Management of forest industries, 1986 (E)

70

Wildland fire management terminology, 1986 (E/F/S)

71

World compendium of forestry and forest products research institutions, 1986 (E/F/S)

72

Wood gas as engine fuel, 1986 (E S)

73

Forest products: world outlook projections 1985-2000, 1986 (E/F/S)

74

Guidelines for forestry information processing, 1986 (E)

75

Monitoring and evaluation of social forestry in India - an operational guide, 1986 (E)

76

Wood preservation manual, 1986 (E)

77

Databook on endangered tree and shrub species and provenances, 1986 (E)

78

Appropriate wood harvesting in plantation forests, 1987 (E)

79

Small-scale forest-based processing enterprises, 1987 (E F S)

80

Forestry extension methods, 1987 (E)

81

Guidelines for forest policy formulation, 1987 (C E)

82

Forest products prices 1967-1986, 1988 (E/F/S)

83

Trade in forest products: a study of the barriers faced by the developing countries, 1988 (E)

84

Forest products: World outlook projections - Product and country tables 1987-2000, 1988 (E/F/S)

85

Forestry extension curricula, 1988 (E/F/S)

86

Forestry policies in Europe, 1988 (E)

87

Small-scale harvesting operations of wood and non-wood forest products involving rural people, 1988 (E F S)

88

Management of tropical moist forests in Africa, 1989 (E F P).

89

Review of forest management systems of tropical Asia, 1989 (E)

90

Forestry and food security, 1989 (Ar E S)

91

Design manual on basic wood harvesting technology, 1989 (E F S)


(Published only as FAO Training Series, No. 18)

92

Forestry policies in Europe - An analysis, 1989 (E)

93

Energy conservation in the mechanical forest industries, 1990 (E S)

94

Manual on sawmill operational maintenance, 1990 (E)

95

Forest products prices 1969-1988, 1990 (E/F/S)

96

Planning and managing forestry research: guidelines for managers, 1990 (E)

97

Non-wood forest products: the way ahead, 1991 (E S)

98

Timber plantations in the humid tropics of Africa, 1993 (E F)

99

Cost control in forest harvesting and road construction, 1992 (E)

100

Introduction to ergonomics in forestry in developing countries, 1992 (E F I)

101

Management and conservation of closed forests in tropical America, 1993 (E F P S)

102

Research management in forestry, 1992 (E F S)

103

Mixed and pure forest plantations in the tropics and subtropics, 1992 (E F S)

104

Forest products prices 1971-1990, 1992 (E/F/S)

105

Compendium of pulp and paper training and research institutions, 1992 (E)

106

Economic assessment of forestry project impacts, 1992 (E/F)

107

Conservation of genetic resources in tropical forest management - Principles and concepts, 1993 (E/F/S)

108

A decade of wood energy activities within the Nairobi Programme of Action, 1993 (E)

109

Directory of forestry research organizations, 1993 (E)

110

Proceedings of the Meeting of Experts on Forestry Research, 1993 (E/F/S)

111

Forestry policies in the Near East region - Analysis and synthesis, 1993 (E)

112

Forest resources assessment 1990 - Tropical countries, 1993 (E)

113

Ex situ storage of seeds, pollen and in vitro cultures of perennial woody plant species, 1993 (E)

114

Assessing forestry project impacts: issues and strategies, 1993 (E F S)

115

Forestry policies of selected countries in Asia and the Pacific, 1993 (E)

116

Les panneaux a base de bois, 1993 (F)

117

Mangrove forest management guidelines, 1994 (E)

118

Biotechnology in forest tree improvement, 1994 (E)

119

Number not assigned

120

Decline and dieback of trees and forests - A global overview, 1994 (E)

121

Ecology and rural education - Manual for rural teachers, 1995 (E S)

122

Readings in sustainable forest management, 1994 (E S)

123

Forestry education - New trends and prospects, 1994 (E F S)

124

Forest resources assessment 1990 - Global synthesis, 1995 (E F S)

125

Forest products prices 1973-1992, 1995 (E F S)

126

Climate change, forests and forest management - An overview, 1995 (E)

127

Valuing forests: context, issues and guidelines, 1995 (E)

128

Forest resources assessment 1990 - Tropical forest plantation resources, 1995 (E)

129

Environmental impact assessment and environmental auditing in the pulp and paper


industry, 1996 (E)

130

Forest resources assessment 1990 - Survey of tropical forest cover and study of change processes, 1996 (E)

131

Ecología y enseñanza rural - Nociones ambientales básicas para profesores rurales y extensionistas, 1996 (S)

132

Forestry policies of selected countries in Africa, 1996 (E/F)

133

Forest codes of practice - Contributing to environmentally sound forest operations, 1996 (E)

134

Estimating biomass and biomass change of tropical forests - A primer, 1997 (E)

Availability: January 1997

Ar

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Arabic

C

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Chinese

E

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English

I

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Italian

F

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French

P

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Portuguese

S

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Spanish

Multil

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Multilingual

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Out of print

**


In preparation

The FAO Technical Papers are available through the authorized FAO Sales Agents or directly from Sales and Marketing Group, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

This publication is a practical guide for those who designed forest inventories in which biomass estimation is a component. It describes primary data and measurement requirement for assessment of biomass per hectare. As supporting material it provides wood density data for a large number of tropical species. The primer also presents methods that are available for estimating biomass per hectare of tropical forest using mainly existing data. To this end equation and default values are given for a variety of cases. Finally, biomass per hectare estimates are presented estimates are presented for many tropical countries using the methodologies given.