|Strategies for market orientation of small scale milk producers and their organisations. Proceedings of a worshop held at Mogororo Hotel, Mogororo, Tanzania, 20-24 March 1995. (1995)|
|Session 5: Comparative evaluation of dairy marketing systems.|
|Market policy and market development: A comparison of dairy product consumption in Mombasa, Kenya and Dar-Es-salaam, Tanzania|
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Q. MR. I. Rutamu
Although Mombasa consumers indicated preference of raw milk, actual consumption was higher for Pasteurised milk. Is this not influenced by commercial farmers like Kilifi plantation who find it technically better to sell pasteurised milk?
Pasteurisation is done to meet standard hygienic conditions. However the amount of milk supplied by Kilifi plantation is quite low compared to reconstituted milk supplied by ICCC.
Q. Dr. R.L. Kurwijila
It is not clear to me how you define regulated and unregulated market as I fail to see why pasteurized milk being sold in Dar es Salaam belongs to the unregulated market. Did you use the source or marketing channel in your definition?
That is a tricky aspect of milk market definition where to draw the line between regulated and unregulated, We looked at the source of milk i.e licensed processors vs unlicensed processors right through to licensed and unlicensed retailers. The latter constitute the unregulated market even if they are marketing pasteurised milk from TDL.
Q. A.A. Okwenye
a) Why do consumers prefer raw milk to pasteurized milk according to the study?
b) Would you recommend using of restrictions on sale of raw milk in Mombasa.
a) They think raw milk has higher fat content, better flavour than pasteurized milk which is reconstituted.
b) Yes, provided the legal requirements are met.
Q. Dr. De Wolf
What is the percentage of house holds in Mombasa consuming milk.
In Dar es salaam about 30% of household consume milk and in Mombasa about 99% house holds consume milk.
Q. G. Burrell
Please clarify on the sample of Dar es Salaam households since Table 2 implies that per capita consumption of 0.27 l/day in a population of 2,000,000 implies daily consumption of litres 500,000 per day which contradicts other figures provided in this Workshop.
The sample methodology was explained and it is recognised that it was not possible to obtain a representative sample. The table refers only households that consume milk regularly and these probably only represent 30% of households which would then imply a much lower overall consumption figure.
Q. W. Schulthess
A world average producer price of 28 US cents has been mentioned. Is it not dangerous to mention a world average considering the big variations 10 US cents and 80 US cents
28 US cents is a very recent average cited by US Department of Agriculture deducting subsidies in various countries.
Q. Tsehay Redda
The information/data collected under the title raw milk also include the raw milk supply produced by the Massai farmer. The question is asked to have a clear vision on the information gathered.
None of the consumers are taking raw milk from the Masai farmer as they deliver their milk to other collection point, Chalinze.