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close this bookFood, Nutrition and Agriculture 15 - Food safety and trade (1995)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentEditorial
Open this folder and view contentsCodex Alimentarius: Una normativa dinámica
View the documentCodex Alimentarius: Dynamic standards
View the documentCodex Alimentarius: Des normes dynamiques
Open this folder and view contentsPreventing losses and preserving quality in food cargoes
View the documentPrévenir les pertes et préserver la qualité des chargements de denrées alimentaires
View the documentComo prevenir pérdidas y mantener la calidad de las cargas de alimentos
Open this folder and view contentsRisk analysis and food: The experts’ view
View the documentL’analyse des risques et les aliments: Point de vue de l’expert
View the documentAnálisis de riesgos y alimentos: La opinión de los expertos
Open this folder and view contentsLa normalización de alimentos y el Codex Alimentarius en el marco del MERCOSUR
View the documentFood standards and Codex Alimentarius in the context of MERCOSUR
View the documentLa normalisation des aliments et le Codex Alimentarius dans le cadre du MERCOSUR
Open this folder and view contentsFood safety through HACCP - The FAO approach
View the documentInnocuité des aliments grâce au système HACCP
View the documentEl sistema HACCP para asegurar la inocuidad de los alimentos
Open this folder and view contentsFood specialists declare commitment to ensuring healthy diets for all
View the documentDes spécialistes des aliments s’engagent à assurer une alimentation saine pour tous
View the documentEspecialistas de los alimentos se comprometen para asegurar una alimentación saludable para todos
Open this folder and view contentsNews
Open this folder and view contentsNouvelles
Open this folder and view contentsNoticias
Open this folder and view contentsBooks - Livres - Libros
View the documentWhere to purchase FAO publications locally - Points de vente des publications de la FAO - Puntos de venta de publicaciones de la FAO
View the documentGuidelines for authors
View the documentPrincipes a l’usage des auteurs
View the documentOrientaciones para los autores
View the documentFood and nutrition division - Division de l’alimentation et de la nutrition - Dirección de alimentación y nutrición

Codex Alimentarius: Dynamic standards

Recent developments in world trade and standardization have had an impact on food and food trade, generating the need for a fresh look at how the Codex Alimentarius Commission operates, The Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the World Trade Organization that was formed early in 1995 have added a new dimension to the commission, which is recognized as the only international intergovernmental body responsible for determining food standards.

The Codex Alimentarius commission of the Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme was set up in 1962 to draw up world food standards. The basic objectives were to protect consumer health and facilitate international food trade. Codex currently has 151 member countries representing over 97 percent of the world population.

The Codex standards are dynamic, and the commission has had to move quickly in the last ten years in response to the speed of developments. The Codex committees have drafted over 240 food commodity standards and 41 codes of practice for the manufacture and handling of food products. They have also examined 3270 pesticides to determine maximum residue limits in food and have evaluated 760 food additives and 25 food contaminants to determine standards of use and control. The same has been done for veterinary drugs and related residues and methods of sampling and analysis.

The standards, codes of practice, guidelines and other recommendations issued by the Codex Alimentarius Commission are based on careful scrutiny of evidence and scientific analysis to ensure food quality and safety, The commission bases its food standards on criteria for the protection of consumer health and the promotion of fair practices in food trade.