Traditional wool combing and spinning
Fig. 4.8 Wool combing device
In temperate Himalayas, farmers use large sized shearer/scissor
for shearing wool from goats and sheep. The sheared wool is combed and made
smooth either with a special comber called Kangoo (Figs. 4.8 and 4.9) or with a
special arrow like device called "Phanani" (Fig. 4.10). The combed wool is
stored in a small bamboo basket (Kamoli; Fig. 4.11) in the form of a small pack
(Fa, Fig. 4.12). These small woollen packs (Fa) are used for spinning a thread
with a special spindle device known as Taklu (Fig. 4.13 and 4.14). These woollen
threads are used for making woollen fabrics like blankets (Pattu double
and single), long woollen cloth Lahanga/Pattee), dark black
woollen cord (dora) and shawls which are generally woven by
Gaddies on indigenous handlooms (Fig. 4.15).
* The Gaddies wear a typical dress which
suits the physical and climatic requirements of the lifestyle and their terrain.
The shepherds, during migration, keep new born lambs and kids under their
chola to protect them against the severe climate. The approximate weight
of the chola is 5-6 kgs.
Dora is the most important part of the dress
of Gaddies and is used irrespective of the age or sex. It is tied round
the waist over the chola which aids them in supporting the lower back
while carrying heavy loads on the back It is also used as a pillow, especially
Fig. 4 9 Combing the sheep wool with
a device "Kangroo"
Fig. 4.10 Combing sheep wool with
Fig. 4.11 A bamboo basket (Kamoli)
for storing wool
Fig. 4.13 A spindle - 'Takli'
Fig. 4.12 A woman spinning the wool
for making woollen thread from combed wool pack (Fa)
Fig 4.14 Combing and spinning sheep
Fig. 4.15 A group of tribal men and
women in their traditional wool