||The AfPak policy and the Pashtuns / Jon Lunn, Ben Smith.
||[London] : House of Commons Library, 2010.
||81 p. ; 30 cm.
“Research paper 10/45, 22 June 2010.”
Includes bibliographical references.
Summary: ” “In March 2009, the Obama Administration announced a new policy for Afghanistan and Pakistan that sought to combine military, civilian, political and development ‘surges’ on both sides of the Durand Line. The new policy soon became known by the shorthand term, ‘AfPak’. The core goal of the policy is “to disrupt, dismantle and defeat al-Qaeda and its safe havens in Pakistan, and to prevent their return to Pakistan or Afghanistan”. In April 2009, the then Labour Government set out its own “comprehensive strategy”, in which it was stated that the “greatest international priority [...] is the border areas of Afghanistan and Pakistan.” These border areas are predominantly inhabited by ethnic Pashtuns, from whom are drawn most of the membership of the Afghan and Pakistan Taliban, the two groups believed to be providing shelter and assistance to al-Qaeda. The fate of the US AfPak policy currently hangs in the balance. There is certainly no shortage of sceptics. It is clear that the success or failure of the policy will be heavily shaped by how the Pashtuns respond to its inducements. Therefore, the first part of this paper focuses on the Pashtuns. It begins with a survey of the geographic, historical and cultural factors which have shaped Pashtun identities in Afghanistan and Pakistan before going on to describe the political and security arrangements under which they currently live. The paper then reviews the Pashtun armed militant groups currently operating in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The second part of the paper then looks at the US AfPak policy, setting out its origins and evolution before assessing the prospects for success over the coming year and beyond.” (p. cover)
||United States – Foreign relations – Afghanistan.
Afghanistan – Foreign relations – United States.
National security – Afghanistan.
Military assistance, American – Afghanistan.
Humanitarian assistance, American – Afghanistan.
Pashtuns – Afghanistan.
Afghanistan – Ethnic relations.
||http://www.parliament.uk/briefingpapers/commons/lib/research/rp2010/RP10-045.pdf (accessed 12 September 2010)