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||Are non-lethal weapons a viable military option to strengthen the hearts and minds approach in Afghanistan? / Sjef Orbons.
||[London : n.l.], 2012.
||114-130 p. ; 30 cm.
||Published in “Defense & Security Analysis Vol. 28, No. 2, June 2012, 114–130.”
“Commanders of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) have repeatedly stressed the hearts and minds approach in Afghanistan, in saying that the human terrain is decisive for a successful outcome of the mission. Avoidance of civilian casualties is considered of strategic importance, and by nature highly dependent on the management of tactical level Escalation of Force (EoF) situations. Non-lethal weapons (NLWs) are expected to enable
tactical commanders to avoid innocent civilian casualties in such situations. This article considers a selected NLW on its potential to accomplish this requirement. It uses a defence technology assessment approach to analyse EoF situations experienced by Dutch ISAF
forces in which the NLW is inserted. The analysis demonstrates that a range of contextual factors in the Afghanistan high-risk environment tend to narrow down the window of opportunity for the NLW to help defuse the risk of unintended civil casualties.
Keywords: ISAF; non-lethal weapons; Laser Optical Warner; civilian casualties.”
||North Atlantic Treaty Organization – Afghanistan.
Military assistance, European – Afghanistan.
Afghan War, 2001-
Economic assistance, American – Afghanistan.
Military assistance, American – Afghanistan.
National security – Afghanistan.
||Commercial PDF, not for distribution.