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||COIN and civilian collaterals : patterns of violence in Afghanistan, 2004-2004 / Lisa Hultman.
||[London : n.l.], 2012.
||245-263 p. ; 30 cm.
||Includes bibliographical references (261-263p).
Published in “Small wars and insurgencies” Vol. 23, No. 2, May 2012, 245–263.
“Theories and counterinsurgency doctrines emphasize the importance of
avoiding civilian casualties. Yet, many operations produce large numbers of so-called collateral civilian deaths. I present two competing arguments for when collateral deaths occur. One the one hand, they could be the unintentional result of offensives when trying to maintain force protection; on the other hand, they could be the result of a deliberate choice of relying on indiscriminate violence when pressured on the battleﬁeld. I use new data on violence in Afghanistan 2004–2009, disaggregated by province and month, to examine what type of battleﬁeld dynamics are more likely to produce high levels of collateral civilian
casualties. The results show that civilian casualties are particularly high after counterinsurgency forces suffer losses in combat.
Keywords: COIN; Afghanistan; collateral deaths; violence against civilians.”
||Human rights – Afghanistan.
Violence – Afghanistan.
Violence – Afghanistan – 2004-2009.
Political persecution – Afghanistan.
Internal security – Afghanistan.
Women – Crimes against – Afghanistan.
Afghanistan – Social conditions – 21st century.
||Commercial PDF, not for distribution.