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Ruttg -- How it all began : a short look... -- 2013

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Author Ruttg, Thomas.
Title How it all began : a short look at the pre-1979 origins of Afghanistan’s conflicts / Thomas Ruttg.
Imprint Kabul : Afghanistan Analysts Network (AAN), 2013.
Physical Description 14 p. ; 30 cm.
Notes Caption title.
Includes bibliographic references.
Summary: "For most people, it was the Soviet invasion over Christmas 1979 that put Afghanistan on the political map when, in the very last days of the 1970s, the Soviet leadership made the central Asian country the arena of the hottest conflict in the last part of the Cold War. As a result, the internationalised Afghanistan conflict, currently in its 33rd year, has been explained mainly through a Cold War perspective. AAN’s new Occasional Report ‘How It All Began: A Short Look at the Pre-1979 Origins of Afghanistan’s Conflict’ by Thomas Ruttig looks further back. One important dimension of the conflict has often been overlooked: the domestic factors that had undermined Afghanistan’s internal stability of 40 years, between Muhammad Zaher Shah’s accession to power in 1933 and Sardar (Prince) Muhammad Daud’s coup d’état on 17 July 1973. Daud’s coup set an example, leading to a succession of violent power changes which, in turn, drew the Soviet Union into the conflict and triggered its military intervention six years later. Both the 1973 coup and the 1979 Soviet invasion were preceded by a chain of lesser-noticed domestic developments that, combined, led to the build-up of political tension and destabilised the pre-1973 Afghan monarchy. The first domestic factor to undermine stability was the largely unnoticed but profound change in Afghanistan’s social fabric caused by a rapid growth of the educated class, an ongoing result of Amanullah’s reforms in the 1920s, in a country with a growing and increasingly younger population. Inadequately absorbed by the stagnating state bureaucracy, which was dominated until 1964 by the extended royal clan, the educated youth turned into a recruitment pool for political activism.”—(website blurb).
Subject Headings Afghanistan – History.
Afghanistan – History – 20th century.
Corporate Body Afghanistan Analysts Network (AAN).
Web Address (acessed 09 August 2014).
Accession Number 19075
Language English
Copies 1
Record Number 16558