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close this bookEnvironmental Change and International Law: New Challenges and Dimensions (UNU, 1992, 493 pages)
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View the documentNote to the reader from the UNU
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentList of abbreviations
close this folderIntroduction
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close this folder1. Global environmental change and international law: the introductory framework
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View the documentI. Trends in global environmental change
View the documentII. The development of international environmental law
View the documentIII. Themes
View the documentIV. Important future themes
View the documentV. Organization of the book
View the documentNotes
close this folderIssues in international environmental law
close this folder2. International norm-making
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View the documentA. The international legislative process
View the documentB. Steps in the treaty-making process
View the documentC. The creation of customary law
View the documentD. The creation of soft law
View the documentE. Concluding remarks
View the documentAnnex
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close this folder3. Changing requirements for international information
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentChanging environmental information requirements
View the documentBetter understanding of environmental conditions and trends
View the documentInternational environmental impact assessments?
View the documentInformation to strengthen international agreements
View the documentEcosystem and resource information with policy implications
View the documentThe precautionary principle
View the documentA new regime for sustainable development
View the documentRecent developments
View the documentLooking ahead
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close this folder4. Emerging principles and rules for the prevention and mitigation of environmental harm
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View the documentIntroduction
View the document1. Significance and role of principles and rules of prevention and mitigation
View the document2. Traditional norms, principles, and rules
View the document3. Characteristics of global environmental change
View the document4. Double-track approach as a treaty-making technique
View the document5. Emerging principles and rules of prevention and mitigation
View the document6. Toward an international management of global environmental change
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close this folder5. State responsibility, liability, and remedial measures under international law: new criteria for environmental protection
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View the document1. The evolving law of state responsibility
View the document2. New environmental realities and their impact upon the law
View the document3. Conceptual developments and the new basic principle of international law
View the document4. The expanding scope of the law: global reach and international cooperation
View the document5. Material changes in the law of state responsibility
View the document6. Expanding the protection of the affected interests
View the document7. Liability for acts not prohibited by international law: the ongoing debate
View the document8. The expanding role of practice: substantive and procedural developments
View the document9. The protection of the marine environment: a leading case of innovation
View the document10. The Antarctic environment: developing a comprehensive regime for responsibility and liability
View the document11. The new law of state responsibility: improvement and caution
View the document12. Avoiding environmental degradation and opposing the world ecological government: a conclusion
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close this folder6. Law and global environmental management: some open issues
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View the documentThe point of departure
View the documentInternational preventive norms and mechanisms
View the documentCompensatory remedies: gaps and trends in international law
View the documentEnforcement: deterrence: incentives and disincentives
View the documentFuture outlook
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close this folder7. The legislation and implementation of international environmental law and the third world: the example of China
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View the documentAn overview of international environmental legislation and its implementation
View the documentThe status of third-world states in international environmental legislation and its implementation
View the documentSome personal views and suggestions to encourage a more positive role of the third world in the legislation and implementation of international environmental law
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View the documentAppendix: a case-study: China's positive attitude toward the adoption and implementation of international environmental legislation
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close this folderInternational human rights law and environmental problems
close this folderAn introductory note on a human right to environment
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close this folder8. The human rights system as a conceptual framework for environmental law
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View the documentEnvironmental issues
View the documentEnvironmental rights in the context of the natural order
View the documentDuty to future generations
View the documentThe concept of ''the common concern of mankind''
View the documentThe protection of indigenous peoples
View the documentEnvironmental rights and international refugee law
View the documentSubstantive norm-making and enforcement procedures
View the documentConclusion
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close this folder9. The contribution of international human rights law to environmental protection, with special reference to global environmental change
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View the documentSummary
View the documentI. The growth of human rights protection and environmental protection: from internationalization to globalization
View the documentII. The incidence of the temporal dimension in environmental protection and in human rights protection
View the documentIII. The fundamental right to life at the basis of the ratio legis of international human rights law and environmental law
View the documentIV. The right to health as the starting-point towards the right to a healthy environment
View the documentV. The right to a healthy environment as an extension of the right to health
View the documentVI. The protection of vulnerable groups at the confluence of international human rights law and international environmental law
View the documentVII. The recognition of the right to a healthy environment: The concern for environmental protection in international human rights instruments
View the documentVIII. Concern for the protection of human rights in the realm of international environmental law
View the documentIX. Concern for the protection of the environment in the realm of international humanitarian law
View the documentX. Protection of the environment and international refugee law
View the documentXI. The question of the implementation (mise en oeuvre) of the right to a healthy environment
View the documentXII. The right to a healthy environment and the absence of restrictions in the expansion of human rights protection and environmental protection
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close this folderFuture directions in international regimes
close this folder10. The implications of global change for the international legal system
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View the documentThe impact of global change on different functions in international law
View the documentThe impact of global change on international structures
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close this folder11. Restructuring the international organizational framework
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View the documentA. The current structure
View the documentB. Some objectives of and constraints on possible improvements
View the documentC. Changes to be considered
View the documentD. Conclusion
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View the documentAnnex: The learning capacity of international organizations
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close this folder12. Intergenerational equity: a legal framework for global environmental change
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View the documentI. The temporal dimension in international law
View the documentII. Alternative approaches to intergenerational equity
View the documentIII. Principles of intergenerational equity
View the documentIV. Intergenerational rights and obligations
View the documentV. Implementation of intergenerational equity
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close this folder13. Ecological security: response to global challenges
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View the documentI. Conceptual paradigm
View the documentII. Legal regime
View the documentIII. Principles
close this folderAppendices
close this folderA. Global learning: concept and applications
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View the documentI. Introduction: antecedents
View the documentII. Approaches to global learning
View the documentIII. Global learning: facilitation and obstacles
View the documentIV. Content of global learning
View the documentNotes
View the documentB. Chronological index of selected international environmental legal instruments
View the documentC. Contributors