|United Nations University - Work in Progress Newsletter - Volume 13, Number 3, 1991(UNU, 1991, 12 pages)|
|Cities in the 21 st century - The urban half|
|The pathology of the city|
|New strategies for urban poverty|
|Lopsided modernization and the urban poor|
|Urban transport and urban growth|
|The hub of Japan|
|The land game|
|Shaping Tokyo for the future|
|Seoul: Still a metropolis in the making|
|Asia's growing urban rings|
|"A giant supermarket..." - Is there anything good about mega-cities?|
|The emerging world city system|
The following is from an information circular prepared for use within the immediate UNU system. We think such reports may be of interest to the worldwide readership of WORK. IN PROGRESS. - Editor
· Agreements on the establishment of the UNU International Institute for Software Technology (UNUIIST) were signed in Macau in March between the University, the Governments of Portugal and China and the Governor of Macau. UNUIIST is the first international institute devoted to helping build modern software technology capability in developing countries. It is envisaged that US$30 million will be contributed to the UNU Endowment Fund in respect of UNUIIST. The Institute is expected to start operations shortly in Macau with a core staff of professional and supporting personnel on the income derived from an initial fund of $20 million contributed to the Endowment Fund ($5 million each from the Governments of Portugal and China, and $10 million from the Governor of Macau), and an additional $10 million which will be obtained from other sources through the Governor of Macau by the end of 1995. UNUIIST is the latest addition to the global network of UNU research and training centres and programmes. It is the third programme of this type to be based in a developing country.
· During the first quarter of 1991, the UNU received the following contributions from member states of the United Nations and private foundations:
Austria - AS 100,000 (US$9,470), endowment contribution
Brazil - US$54,256, operating contribution
Egypt - US$50,000, operating contribution
Finland - FM2.782.800 (US$766,612), UNU/WIDER (UNU World Institute for Development Economics Research) research project on Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies: the Lesson for Developing Countries
France - US$80,000, operating contribution
Philippines - US$3,584, operating contribution
Switzerland - US$67,000, UNU Journal, "Mountain Research and Development," and related network activities
Toshiba Foundation - ¥5,000,000 ($36,232), UNU Fellowships, National Food Research Institute (NFRI), Japan
Nissho-Iwai Foundation - ¥2,000,000 ($14,493), NFRI. Japan
· The Government of Italy has made the first payment of 30 million Lire (US$30,000) on an earlier pledge of 300 million Lire to initiate planning for an international consultative meeting at the University of Sassari which will explore the feasibility of a UNU programme on marine science and ocean affairs.
· An international conference on Climatic Impacts on the Environment and Society was held in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan, (27 January - 1 February), under the auspices of the University of Tsukuba. Some 150 scientific papers were presented and discussed. The conference, which provided a valuable opportunity for further UNU-Tsukuba collaboration, was an important step in promoting the international network on climate-related impact assessment. The conference was jointly organized with the Second World Climate Conference (held last year in Geneva) and the Japan Study Group for the World Climate Impact Programme.
· Twenty-three participants from Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal and Cameroon took part in a seminar on Development of High Protein Energy Foods in Accra, Ghana, in February. The seminar reviewed the research and training activities in the area of high protein energy foods under the joint AAU/UNU Regional Food and Nutrition project in Africa.
· A high-level UNU-UNESCO meeting was held in Paris in February to identify possible areas of cooperation for the 1992-93 biennium and the medium-term programmes of both organizations, and to review follow-up activities on current joint projects. The discussions included, among others: (a) future science and technology policies workshops; (b) BIOLAC (UNU Programme for Biotechnology in Latin America and the Caribbean) cooperation with UNESCO / UNIDO / UNDP programmes; and (c) environmental programmes, such as the UNESCO-MAB continued cooperation and support for the UNU's Mountain Ecology and Development project, the planned assistance to UNU/INRA (UNU Institute for Natural Resources in Africa), and possible joint sponsorship of some of the conferences in the Frontiers of Science series. Also reviewed were possible joint activities with the University's research and training centres, UNU / WIDER, UNU / INTECH (UNU Institute for New Technologies) and, in the future, UNUIIST.
· A feasibility study meeting to consider the proposed establishment in the Thai capital of an International Programme for Veterinary Diagnostic Technology was held in Bangkok in February. The international team at the meeting held consultations with senior officials from Chulalongkorn University, the Department of Livestock Development of the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, and representatives of other government departments, and of UN DP, FAO and ESCAP. The findings of the feasibility study were presented to the UNU Council at its June meeting in Macau for its preliminary consideration.
WORK IN PROGRESS aims at providing an edited sampling of the research of the United Nations University in various stages of progress or outside material related to it. It draws on reports, working papers, books, periodicals and uses occasionally original articles. UNU copyrighted articles may be reprinted without permission provided credit is given to WORK IN PROGRESS (United Nations University) and a copy is sent to the Editor. French, Spanish and Japanese editions are also available.
WORK IN PROGRESS
The United Nations University
· Two meetings on the decision of the Government of Ghana to host the UNU's Institute for Natural Resources in Africa were held in Accra in February and April with the Office of the Provisional National Defence Council Secretary for Education. An interim office for the Programme on Natural Resources in Africa is at the UNESCO Regional Office in Nairobi, Kenya, and a mineral resources unit in Lusaka, Zambia.
· The first UNU/INRA consultative meeting for eastern and southern Africa was held in Lusaka, Zambia, in March. It reviewed the status of potentials and constraints of natural resources in different parts of Africa. Participants were brought up-to-date on the projected work of INRA and the need to cooperate with African universities and institutes in human resource development and capacity-building in the area of natural resources. Twenty-two status reports on various aspects of natural resources in Africa have been commissioned.
· Sir John Kendrew, former UNU Council chairman, and Dr. Bernard Goldstein, Director of the Environmental and Occupation Health Sciences Institute in the United States, are currently studying the possible work programme on the proposed UNU institute on global environment and human health as a joint effort of Ulm and Stuttgart Universities in Germany. A preliminary report on their activities was presented to the Council at their June session.
· A UNU/WIDER project studying the lessons for developing countries in the recent transformation of centrally planned economies held the first of several planned meetings at WIDER in Helsinki in March. At the meeting, a group of high-level policy-makers, academics and management consultants discussed issues of industrial and competition policies in Eastern and Central Europe and the Soviet Union.
· A training course on science and technology management, attended by 26 professionals from all over Latin America, was held in Havana, Cuba, in March. This was the first in a series of regional training courses in science and technology policies being undertaken by the UNU in close cooperation with UNESCO. The training courses draw largely upon the sourcebook, "Science, Technology and Development," which the UNU is now in the process of producing and will ultimately be published in English, French and possibly other languages. Several Latin American authors of the sourcebook were lecturers at the Havana course.
· The Korean Research Institute for Human Settlement in Seoul hosted a UNU workshop in March on urban systems in the Asia-Pacific region. The workshop was a follow-up activity to last year's mega-city symposium (adaptations of some reports from this meeting are presented in this issue of WORK IN PROGRESS), which had recommended a comparative study of Asian-Pacific cities. Twelve scholars from the region participated in the workshop. The project plans to publish two volumes on its research into future problems and policies of Asian-Pacific mega-cities and urban systems.
· A conference on decentralization and alternative rural-urban configurations was held in Sitges, Spain, in April. The meeting was attended by 27 scholars from 17 countries. Papers presented concentrated experiences and policy issues in the areas of political and administrative development, governance and services, and revenues for specific services. The conference was part of the process of determining the feasibility of the proposed UNU research and training centre in Barcelona on governance, the state and society.
· An interdisciplinary symposium concerned with the growing body of knowledge on chaos theory was held in Tokyo in April. The symposium, "The Impact of Chaos on Science and Society," brought together mathematicians, physicists, natural scientists, engineers, economists and social scientists for an exchange of experiences with chaotic behaviour and its implications for future scientific inquiry. Among the speakers and participants were some of the world leaders in the field of chaos research. The symposium was the first of a new UNU series on Frontiers of Science and Technology.*
* Some reports from the chaos symposium will be the main focus of the next issue of WORK IN PROGRESS. - Editor
New United Nations University Press publications:
· The Ethnic Question: Conflicts, Development and Human Rights, Rodolfo Stavenhagen.
· Human Rights and Scientific and Technological Development, C.G. Weeramantry (ed.).
· Tropical Home Gardens, Kathleen Landauer and Mark Brazil (eds.).
· Food and Energy: Strategies for Sustainable Development, Ignacy Sachs and Dana Silk (eds.).
· Global Challenge and Local Response: Initiatives for Economic Regeneration in Contemporary Europe, Walter B. Stöhr (ed.).
A local Philippine edition of Conflict Over Natural Resources
in the South-East Asia and the Pacific, edited by Lim Teck Ghee and Mark J.
Valencia, originally published with Oxford University Press, Singapore, was
brought out by Ateneo de Manila University Press. The UNU Press is discussing
with prospective publishers a Japanese and an Italian edition of
Maldevelopment: Anatomy of a Global Failure (by Samir Amin); an
Italian edition of Meiji Ishin (by Nagai Michio and Miguel Urrutia); and
a Japanese edition of In Fairness to Future Generations: International Law,
Common Patrimony and Intergenerational Equity (by Edith Brown