Cover Image
close this bookPositive Deviance in Child Nutrition - with Emphasis on Psychosocial and Behavioural Aspects and Implications for Development (UNU, 1990, 153 pages)
close this folderResearch considerations
View the documentIntroduction and purpose
View the documentUnderlying assumptions or hypotheses for research in positive deviance
View the documentRelationship of positive-deviance research to epidemiological methods
View the documentDefinition of terms and specification of research goals
View the documentThree-stage research and pilot-project model
View the documentResearch design for stage 1
View the documentA conceptual framework for the design of positive-deviance studies
View the documentImportant variables: results of the positive-deviance mail survey
View the documentMicro-level variables measuring caretaker-child interactions
View the documentVariables measuring maternal characteristics and socio-cultural support
View the documentMeasuring growth
View the documentControlling for socio-economic status
View the documentLimiting the number of covariables: restriction by age and topic
View the documentRationale for existing behaviours and social structures
View the documentTimeline for change
View the documentNutrition and infection
View the documentManagement of multidisciplinary teams

Variables measuring maternal characteristics and socio-cultural support

Maternal characteristics discussed in part I on pages 61-72, and measures of social support discussed on pages 72-79, should be reviewed during the process of research design. Focus groups should be used to identify the areas on the lists in these sections that are most problematic in a given environment. Major problems should be the focus of intensive research procedures, while less critical characteristics should be described more briefly.

Other researchers who investigate these topics could profitably apply a positive deviance approach. Research on women's employment, for example, should contrast the time-use and child-care arrangements of mothers with well-nourished versus average versus malnourished children.

The psychological state of the mother, strategy of investment in children, and perceived lifecourse agendas are areas of interest that have received little study in developing countries. Since they may critically influence the quality of the mother-child interaction, it is proposed that they receive high priority in research.