|Positive Deviance in Child Nutrition - with Emphasis on Psychosocial and Behavioural Aspects and Implications for Development (UNU, 1990, 153 pages)|
Maternal characteristics discussed in part I on pages 61-72, and measures of social support discussed on pages 72-79, should be reviewed during the process of research design. Focus groups should be used to identify the areas on the lists in these sections that are most problematic in a given environment. Major problems should be the focus of intensive research procedures, while less critical characteristics should be described more briefly.
Other researchers who investigate these topics could profitably apply a positive deviance approach. Research on women's employment, for example, should contrast the time-use and child-care arrangements of mothers with well-nourished versus average versus malnourished children.
The psychological state of the mother, strategy of investment in children, and perceived lifecourse agendas are areas of interest that have received little study in developing countries. Since they may critically influence the quality of the mother-child interaction, it is proposed that they receive high priority in research.