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close this bookChronic Energy Deficiency : Consequences and Related Issues (International Dietary Energy Consultative Group - IDECG, 1987, 201 pages)
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View the documentIntroduction
close this folderResearch relating to energy adaptation in man
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View the document1. General introduction
View the document2. The Sukhatme-Margen hypothesis
View the document3. Is energy balance regulated in man?
View the document4. The time basis of energy regulation
View the document5. Altered metabolic rate
View the document6. Other Sukhatme analyses
View the document7. Problems in testing the Sukhatme-Margen hypothesis
View the document8. The reproducibility of metabolic rates in man
close this folder9. Adaptation to underfeeding
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View the document9.1. The range of adaptation
View the document9.2. The response to semistarvation
close this folder10. Overfeeding studies
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View the document10.1. Early studies
View the document10.2. Prolonged overfeeding
View the document11. Attempts to test the Sukhatme-Margen hypothesis(es)
View the document12. Concluding remarks
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close this folderSeasonality in energy metabolism
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View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Reasons of seasonal variations in energy metabolism
close this folder3. Seasonal body weight fluctuations
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View the document3.1. Children
View the document3.2. Adults
close this folder4. Seasonal fluctuations of energy expenditure
View the document4.1. Basal metabolic rate (BMR)
View the document4.2. Physical activity and energy expenditure
View the document5. Conclusions
View the document6. Research priorities
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close this folderChronic energy deficiency and the effects of energy supplementation
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View the document1. Introduction
close this folder2. Definitions and descriptions
View the document2.1. Chronic energy deficiency
View the document2.2. Energy supplementation
View the document2.3. Targets of supplementation
View the document2.4. The effects of supplementation
View the document3. Approaches to the study of the effects of energy supplementation
close this folder4. Supplementation studies
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View the document4.1. The INCAP study
View the document4.2. The Gambian studies
View the document4.3. The Bacon Chow Study, Taiwan
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close this folder5. Some possible explanations for the small effects
View the document5.1. Are the recipients really malnourished?
View the document5.2. Are the target groups being energy-supplemented?
View the document5.3. Are the target groups appropriate?
View the document5.4. Are the outcome variables appropriate?
View the document6. Contemporary models
View the document7. Gaps in our knowledge
View the document8. Concluding comments
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close this folderA critical view of three decades of research on the effects of chronic energy malnutrition on behavioral development
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View the document1. Background
View the document2. The main-effect model
close this folder3. Deficiencies of the main-effect model
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View the document3.1. Outcomes of primary and secondary malnutrition
View the document3.2. Effects of the environment and experience
View the document3.3. Outcomes of monofocal and multifocal interventions
View the document4. Suggestions for future research
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close this folderEffects of chronic energy deficiency on stature, work capacity and productivity
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close this folder1. Studies in adults
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View the document1.1. Malnutrition and VO2 max
View the document1.2. Endurance
View the document1.3. Productivity and physical work capacity
close this folder2. Studies in children
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View the document2.1. Anthropometry, sexual maturation and body composition in boys
View the document2.2. Growth of work capacity
close this folder3. Men and boys
View the document3.1. Body size, composition and VO2 max
View the document3.2. Energy cost of load-carrying
View the document3.3. Efficiency of economy of submaximal work in malnutrition
View the document3.4. Reduced physical activity in chronic energy deficiency
View the document3.5. Work performance in large and small individuals
View the document4. Productivity, earning and nutrition in developing countries
View the document5. Summary
View the documentAcknowledgements
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close this folderThe energy requirements of pregnancy and lactation
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View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Background
close this folder3. Methodology
View the document3.1. Selection of subjects
View the document3.2. Body weight and body fat
View the document3.3. Energy intake
View the document3.4. Basal metabolic rate (BMR)
View the document3.5. Standardized exercise test
View the document3.6. Normal daily activity pattern
View the document3.7. Daily energy expenditure
View the document3.8. Frequency of measurements
View the document4. Results and discussion
View the document5. Conclusion on pregnancy data
View the document6. Lactation
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close this folderMethodology of field studies related to socioeconomic effects of chronic energy deficiency
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View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Conceptual framework
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close this folder4. Human capital studies
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View the document4.1. Methodological aspects
View the document4.2. Analytical limitations
close this folder5. Economic behavioral studies
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View the document5.1. Methodological aspects
View the document5.2. Analytical limitations
View the document6. Participation of the community in research
View the document7. Concluding remarks
View the documentAppendix
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close this folderPregnancy, lactation and childhood: Report of working group 1*
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View the document1. Introduction
close this folder2. Pregnancy
View the document2.1. New information
View the document2.2. Policy implications
View the document2.3. Needs for research
close this folder3. Lactation
View the document3.1. New information
View the document3.2. Policy implications
View the document3.3. Needs for research
close this folder4. Children
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View the document4.1. Energy supply and physical growth of infants and children
View the document4.2. Energy supply and physical activity of children
View the document4.3. Chronic energy deficiency and development
View the document4.4. Causes of inadequate energy intakes in children
View the document5. Conclusion
close this folderWork capacity, work performance: Report of working group 2*
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close this folder1. Definitions
View the document1.1. Physical work capacity
View the document1.2. Work performance
View the document1.3. Chronic energy deficiency (CED)
View the document2. Summary of existing knowledge
View the document3. Priority studies
View the document4. Relationship of the proposed research activities to developing countries
View the document5. Recommendations for continuing obligations
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close this folderSocial and economic development: Report of working group 3*
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View the document1. Introduction
close this folder2. Designs for studying the effects of low energy intake on behavior
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View the document2.1. Naturalistic designs
View the document2.2. Experimental designs
View the document3. Types of variables
View the document4. Proposed future activities with IDECG support
View the documentList of participants