I wish to express my deep appreciation to Prof. Katsumi Musiake of
the University of Tokyo and Prof. Yuzo Akatsuka of Saitama University. Special
thanks are due to Profs. Asit K. Biswas (chairman of the International Water
Resources Association Committee on International Waters), John Kolars
(University of Michigan), John Waterby (Princeton University), and Aaron T. Wolf
(University of Alabama) for their guidance and invaluable advice. I am also
grateful to Prof. Heitor Gurgulino De Souza and Dr. Juha Uitto of the United
Nations University, who managed the strategic research project on water for
peace and conflict resolution of the international waters in the Middle East,
and to the staff of the World Bank, including Mr. Usaid El-Hambali, Mr. John S.
Ijichi, Mr. Yo Kimura, Mr. John A. Hayward, Dr. Ulrich Kuffner, and Mr.
Alexander MacPhail, for their comments and