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close this bookAfrican Agriculture: The Critical Choices (UNU, 1990, 227 pages)
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentAcknowledgements
Open this folder and view contents1. The agricultural revolution and industrialization
Open this folder and view contents2. The role of the export sector
Open this folder and view contents3. Food self-sufficiency: Crisis of the collective ideology
Open this folder and view contents4. Algeria: Agriculture and industry
Open this folder and view contents5. Mauritania: Nomadism and peripheral capital
Open this folder and view contents6. Nigeria and the Ivory Coast: Commercial and export crops since 1960
Open this folder and view contents7. Ivory Coast: Agricultural and industrial development
Open this folder and view contents8. Tanzania: Imperialism, the state and the peasantry
Open this folder and view contents9. Tunisia: The state, the peasantry and food dependence
Open this folder and view contents10. The state and rural development 1960-85
Open this folder and view contents11. Agricultural development without delinking: Lessons to be drawn
View the documentConclusion
View the documentAbbreviations

Abbreviations

(Chapter 10)

ADR

Agence de Développement Rural (Rural Development Agency)

AR

Animation Rurale (Extension Service)

BCEAO

Banque Centrale des Etats de l'Afrique de l'Ouest

BNDS

Banque Nationale de Développement du Sénégal

CEAD

Centre Régional pour l'Assistance au Développement

CER

Centre d'Expansion Rurale (Rural Expansion Centre)

CERP

Centre d'Expansion Rurale Polyvalente

CONGAD

Conseil des Organisations Non Gouvernementales d'Appui au Développement

CSS

Compagnie Sucrière Sénégalaise

CVCCEP

Cours de Vérification des Comptes et de Contrôle des Etablissements Publics

ILO

International Labour Organization

ISRA

Institut Sénégalais de Recherche Agricole

ITA

Institute de Technologie Alimentaire

NGO

Non-Governmental Organization

NPA

Nouvelle Politique Agricole (New Agricultural Policy)

NPI

Nouvelle Politique Industrielle (New Industrial Policy)

OCA

Office de Commercialisation Agricole (Agricultural Marketing Board)

ONCAD

Office National de Coopération et d'Assistance au Développement (National Office for Cooperatives and Development Assistance)

OSP

Opération de Suppression des Organismes Stockeurs Privés

PAML

Plan d' Ajustement Structurel à Moyen et Long Terme (Medium- and Long-Term Structural Adjustment Plan)

PAS

Plan d'Ajustement Structurel (Structural Adjustment Plan)

PREF

Plan de Redressement Économique et Financier (Economic and Financial Recovery Plan)

SAED

Société d'Aménagement et d'Exploitation du Delta

SRDR

Société Régionale de Développement Rural

SEIB

Société d'Exploitation Industrielle de Baol

SERAS

Société d'Exploitation des Ressources Animales du Sénégal

SI

Société d'Intervention

SODAGRI

Société de Développement de l'Agriculture

SODEFITEX

Société pour le Développement des Fibres et Textiles

SODEPS

Société pour le Développement de l'Elevage dans la Zone Sylvo-Pastorale

SODEVA

Société de Développement de Vulgarisation Agricole

SOMIVAC

Société de Mise en Valeur Agricole de la Casamance

SONAR

Société Nationale d'Approvisionnement du Monde Rural

STN

Société des Terres Neuves

The United Nations University · Third World Forum

Studies in African Political Economy

General Editor: Samir Amin

In this volume African scholars examine the current grave agricultural situation in many parts of Africa. Starting from the proposition that agriculture must be central in any African development strategy, the authors assess the diverse experiments and experiences of Algeria, Ethiopia, the Ivory Coast, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania and Tunisia and seek pointers for the future. Why have some countries' agricultural policies been mote successful than others? What should be the relationship between food production and export-oriented agriculture? What sort of industrialization should be pursued? How can industry best contribute to agriculture without producing a yet greater exodus from the land? What kind of planning has been effective and where?

They argue that greater African autonomy from the international system - politically, economically, technologically and financially - is vital to the achievement of autocentred development. A new development strategy of this kind would be geared primarily to the needs of the people in each country rather than to the world's demand for African raw materials. To be realized in practice this needs greater democratization of society internally, along with co-operation and unity among African states.

Hamid Ait Amara was educated at the Sorbonne and is now Professor of Sociology at the University of Algiers. Co-ediror Bernard Founou-Tchuigoua is the author of Stratégie d 'Autosuffisance alimentaire au Sénégal and Les Fondements de l'Economie de traite au Sénégal.

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