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close this bookAgricultural Expansion and Pioneer Settlements in the Humid Tropics (UNU, 1988, 305 pages)
close this folder17. The colonization and occupation of Brazilian Amazonia
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentRecent economic development and governmental policies regarding the Amazon
View the documentAmazonian colonization from 1964 to the present
View the documentThe border and social conflicts
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1. The case of CotriguaƧu, Cooperativa Regional de IguaƧu, presents a remarkable example. It had to acquire land in northern Mato Grosso in order to establish a colonization project for the co-operative's members. Many of them had their lands inundated by a huge lake which was created for the hydroelectric dam, Itaipu, whose electricity will be used in the central and southern regions of the country. This shows how elements absolutely uncontrollable by the co-operative's members forced them to migrate and relocate along the border, although originally they occupied highly fertile lands.

2. This is one of the largest projects along the border, spread throughout an area of 900,000 km2; it will exploit minerals, crops, cattle raising, and forest resources, supported by the government and with an intense participation of large private enterprises. The majority of this exploitation is devoted to the foreign market, particularly iron ore. The programme does not foresee the participation of small producers. For further information see FIBGE 1983.