|The Long Road to Recovery: Community Responses to Industrial Disaster (UNU, 1996, 307 pages)|
|7 The Chernobyl disasters Its effect on Belarus and Ukraine|
25-26 April. Safety test takes place at
Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Ukraine.
26 April (1.38 a.m.). An explosion destroys the fourth reactor.
27 April (2.00 p.m.). Evacuation of Pripyat begins.
28 April. Tass announces the accident to the world.
29 April. First news item is published in the Soviet press.
1 May. May Day celebrations take place as planned in Kiev, Minsk, and other cities.
2 May. Politburo members Ryzhkov and Ligachev visit Chernobyl. A 30 kilometre zone around the reactor is designated for evacuation.
10 May. The fourth reactor is "capped" with sand and boron, and leakages of radiation end.
May-June. Military reservists brought to Chernobyl to lead the clean-up operation.
August. The Soviet Report on the causes of the accident is presented to the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna.
December. A concrete roof ("sarcophagus") is completed over the fourth reactor.
July. Chernobyl director and five plant
operators are found guilty of gross negligence at a trial held mostly in camera
in the town of Chernobyl.
February. The first maps highlighting radiation
fallout from Chernobyl are published in the Soviet press.
April. On the fifth anniversary of Chernobyl
there are mass demonstrations in Kiev and Minsk. The world press focuses on the
event, highlighting new evacuations, alleged sicknesses in contaminated zones,
and the continuing operation of Soviet RBMK reactors, including those at
March. The Ukrainian government reports that
cracks have appeared in the sarcophagus. An international competition is to be
held for a design for a replacement