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close this bookTechnological Independence The Asian experience (UNU, 1994, 372 pages)
close this folder2. China
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentHistorical perspective
View the documentNational factor endowments
View the documentCase-studies in the different economic sectors
View the documentExogenous sources for technological progress and self-reliance
View the documentA desirable path and a strategy for S&T development

(introductory text...)

The research objective of this study is to present China's experience in attempting to meet its target of "self-reliance." The research was carried out at both a macro and a micro level. Special attention is given to S&T policy, which is centred around the following: (a) the role of government; (b) the socio-economic background to S&T policy; (c) planning and coordination of S&T policy with respect to socioeconomic development; and (d) policies to encourage the efficient use of inputs to the S&T system, e.g. financial and human resources.

The Chinese study used a systems approach. The S&T system, economic system, social system and international system were studied as interrelated parts of an integrated whole. The system is a dynamic one, which changes with geographical location and time (fig. 1). We started by reviewing the past, and moved on to analysing the past and current status of S&T and its prospects for the future (fig. 2). The S&T system was analysed according to a life-cycle concept (fig. 3).