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close this bookTechnological Independence The Asian experience (UNU, 1994, 372 pages)
close this folder3. The Republic of Korea
View the documentPreamble
View the documentHistory
View the documentDevelopment policies and strategies from the 1960s to the 1980s
View the documentThe plans
View the documentImpact on the agricultural and industrial sectors
View the documentScience and technology in korea before the 1960s
View the documentThe role of science and technology in recent development
View the documentScience and technology and the exogenous environment
View the documentEducation and training
View the documentResearch and development
View the documentReassessment of the policy and strategy
View the documentAchievements in industrial development
View the documentThe electronics industry as a case-study
View the documentSelf-reliance targets at each stage
View the documentProblems and issues
View the documentFuture plan for self-reliance of science and technology
View the documentThe long-term goals and strategy of national development
View the documentRole of science and technology for future development
View the documentLong-term goal of S&T development
View the documentSumming-up and regional cooperation
View the documentRegional cooperation
View the documentBibliography

The long-term goals and strategy of national development

In the next 15 years, the Republic of Korea's major goal is to make a smooth transition from a newly industrializing country to an advanced society. The advanced society visualized in the report has the following interrelated characteristics: freedom and stability; affluence and vitality; and justice and balance.

In order to meet the challenge of becoming an advanced society, its characteristics and traits, such as a strong motivation to learn. hard work, and determination to overcome difficulties, need to be continuously sustained and encouraged. The country must learn from the experiences of advanced countries and must exploit the advantages of a latecomer to development. We should carefully examine and analyse the experiences of advanced countries, in order to avoid the trials and errors that arose in the course of their development and to transplant successfully their policies and institutions into the Korean socioeconomic climate.