Marxism as a 'besieged camp'
In the past, Marxist theory somewhat underestimated - and
sometimes rejected - the idea that the world is one. One major reason for this
was that the policy of isolating socialism - which was pursued by the leading
capitalist powers - increased the trend toward the self-isolation of the
socialist counties, economically, politically and culturally. It led them to
adopt the mentality of a "besieged camp." During the Stalinist period, domestic
factors also played a role - and it was not a small one - with the struggle
against imperialism being employed to justify, among other things, despotic
power and a disregard for the vital interests of the popular masses.
This self-isolation led to a serious slowing down in the economic,
scientific and technical progress of socialism. It encouraged a build-up of
anti-democratic phenomena in social and political life, and had a negative
impact on the foreign policy of socialist