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close this bookOcean governance: Sustainable development of the Seas (UNU, 1994, 369 pages)
close this folderConclusions and recommendations
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentI. General
View the documentII National
View the documentIII Regional
View the documentIV Global
View the documentNotes

(introductory text...)

Pacem in Maribus XIX,

Convinced of the critical importance of the oceans: (a) in the global economy; (b) as a critical factor in determining our climate; (c) as a lead sector in international law and international relations; and (d) in providing a model for management of sustainable development.

Firmly believing, therefore, that ocean space and its resources must be considered a common heritage of mankind.

Aware that the problems of ocean space in turn are closely interrelated and need to be considered as a whole.

Bearing in mind that the World Commission on Environment and Development has called on all States to ratify and adhere to the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, as the most significant initial step they can take for the benefit of the marine environment.

Noting that the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) builds on the substantial achievements represented by the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea as the most advanced legal instrument for international cooperation in the management and development of resources, the protection of the environment, and the reservation of large parts of the globe for peaceful purposes.

Recognizing that the problems of ocean space are closely interrelated with those of land, the atmosphere, and outer space.

Conscious that the integrated and interdependent nature of the new challenges and issues contrasts sharply with the sectoral nature of the institutions that exist today.

Bearing in mind that processes previously contained within national boundaries are becoming so dynamic that traditional distinctions between national and international issues are becoming blurred, and that regional cooperation provides an indispensable link between global and national levels of activities.

Noting that "public" and "private" sectors are interdependent and complementary, and that new forms of public/private cooperation are needed, at the national, regional, and global levels.

Affirming that joint action must be based on true solidarity between nations and peoples.

Has adopted the following conclusions and recommendations1: