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close this bookThe Mega-city in Latin America (UNU, 1996, 282 pages)
close this folder2 Demographic trends in Latin America's metropolises, 1950-1990
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentChanging patterns of metropolitan growth
View the documentCauses of demographic change
View the documentThe spatial pattern of metropolitan growth
View the documentThe future of the Latin American metropolis
View the documentNotes
View the documentReferences

Notes

1. In several respects, urbanization in Latin America is quite similar to that in other world regions. Urban primacy is certainly not a peculiarity of Latin America. There are many countries around the globe, in both the developed and less developed worlds, which contain primate cities. Where Latin America does perhaps differ is that it contains a higher proportion of super-dominant cities, those with more than 25 per cent of the urban population (Gilbert and Gugler, 1992).

2. Data on other possible explanations of falling fertility, e.g. changing marriage patterns and the availability of abortion, are scarce and, so far, have shown no clear relationship with changing fertility levels (Berquó et al., 1985).

Appendix: Local authority areas included with each metropolitan area

Buenos Aires: Federal Capital, Almirante Brown, Avellaneda, Berazategui, Esteban Echeverría, Florencio Varela, General San Martin, General Sarmiento, La Matanza, Lanús, Lomas de Zamora, Merlo, Moreno, Moron, Quilmes, San Fernando, San Isidro, Tigre, Tres de Febrero, Vicente López.

Caracas: Department of Libertador, Baruta, Carrizal, Cecilio Acosta, Chacao, El Hatillo, El Junko (parish of Vargas), Guaicaipuro, Jose Manuel Alvarez, Leoncio Martinez, Los Salias, Petare, San Antonio, Sucre.

Lima: Lima, Ancón, Ate, Barranco, Bellavista, Breña, Callao, Carabayllo, Carmen de la Legua Reynosos, Chaclacayo, Chorrillos, Cieneguilla, Comas, El Agustino, Independencia, Jesus Maria, La Molina, La Perla, La Punta, La Victoria, Lince, Los Olivos, Lurigancho, Lurín, Los Olivos, Magdalena del Mar, Magdalena Vieja, Miraflores, Pachacamac, Pucusana, Pueblo Libre, Puente Piedra, Punta Hermosa, Punta Negra, Rimac, San Bartolo, San Borja, San Isidro, San Juan de Lurigancho, San Juan de Miraflores, San Luis, San Martin de Porres, San Miguel, Santa Anita, Santa Maria del Mar, Santa Rosa, Santiago de Surco, Surquillo, Ventanilla, Villa El Salvador, Villa Maria del Triunfo.

Mexico City: Federal District, Acolmán, Atenco, Atizapán de Zaragoza, Chalco, Chicoloapán, Chimalbnacán, Coacalco, Cuatitlán, Cuatitlán Izcalli, Ecatepec, Huixquilucan, Ixtapaluca, Jaltenco, La Paz, Melchor Ocampo, Naucalpán, Netzahualcoyotl, Nextlalpán, Nicolás Romero, Tecámac, Teoloyucán, Tepotzotlán, Texcoco, Tlalnepantla, Tultepec, Tultitlán, Zumpango.

Rio de Janeiro: Rio de Janeiro, Duque de Caxias, Itaborai, Itaguaí, Magé, Mangaratiba, Maricá, Nilópolis, Niterói, Nova Iguaçu, Paracambi, São Gonçalo, São João de Merití.

Santa Fe de Bogotá: Capital District, Chia, Funza, Soacha.

Santiago: Santiago, Cerrillos, Cerro Navia, Conchalí, El Bosque, Estación Central, Huechuraba, Independencia, La Cisterna, La Florida, La Granja, La Pintana, La Reina, Las Condes, Lo Barnechea, Lo Espejo, Lo Prado, Macul, Maipú, Ñuñua, Pedro Aguirre Cerda, Peñalolén, Providencia, Pudahuel, Puente Alto, Quilicura, Quinta Normal, Recoleta, Renca, San Bernardo, San Joaquín, San Miguel, San Ramón, Vitacura.

São Paulo: São Paulo, Arujá, Barueri, Biritiba Mirim, Caieiras, Cajamar, Carapicuiba, Cotia, Diadema, Embu, Embu-Guaçu, Ferraz de Vasconcelos, Francisco Morato, Franco da Rocha, Guararema, Guarulhos, Itapecerica da Serra, Itapevi, Itaquaquecetuba, Jandira, Juquitiba, Mairipora, Mauá, Mogi das Cruzes, Osasco, Pirapora de Bom Jesus, Poa, Ribeirão Pires, Rio Grande da Serra, Salesópolis, Santa Isabel, Santana de Parnaiba, Santo André, São Bernardo do Campo, São Caetano do Sul, Susano, Taboão de Serra, Vargem Grande Paulista.