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close this bookActivity, Energy Expenditure and Energy Requirements of Infants and Children (International Dietary Energy Consultative Group - IDECG, 1989, 412 pages)
close this folderThe relationship between undernutrition, activity levels and development in young children
close this folder5. Preliminary findings from a study of nutritional supplementation and psychosocial stimulation of stunted children
View the document(introductory text...)
View the document5.1. Developmental levels
View the document5.2. Activity levels
View the document5.3. Relationship between activity and development
View the document5.4. Dietary intakes
View the document5.5. Conclusions

5.1. Developmental levels

On enrollment, all children were given developmental assessments with the Griffiths Test. The stunted groups combined had significantly lower DQs, and their scores were lower on each subscale (Table 4). Their mothers were given the Bettye Caldwell Home Inventory (CALDWELL, 1967), modified for Jamaica, and their standard of housing was assessed. When we controlled for the stimulation in the home, mothers' IQ and height, standard of housing, sex, age and birthweight of the child, the DQs of the stunted and non-stunted groups were still significantly different.

Table 4. Developmental quotients and anthropometry on enrollment by group


Stunted

Non-stunted


n = 129

n = 32


Mean

SD

Mean

SD

DQ

.2

9.0 ++

106.3

9.9

Locomotor

101.7

12.0 ++

113.9

12.1

Hearing & speech

96.3

12.9 ++

104.3

13.0

Hand & eye

103.7

11.4 +

109.0

13.6

Performance

90.8

11.7 +

98.0

13.2

Height-for-age °

-3.0

0.7 ++

0.1

0.6

Weight-for-height °

-1.0

0.7 ++

0.0

0.8

+ p < .05
++ p < .01
° z-scores of the NCHS.