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close this bookInformation Technology in Selected Countries (UNU, 1994, 148 pages)
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentNote to the Reader from the UNU
View the documentIntroduction
close this folder1: Development of information technology in Ireland
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View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Historical perspective
View the document3. Government policy and the role of key institutions
View the document4. Development of the electronics industry
View the document5. Development of the software industry
View the document6. The telecommunications infrastructure for it
View the document7. Manufacturing applications of information technology
View the document8. IT applications in the service sector
View the document9. The impact of IT on employment
View the document10. Education and training in information technology
View the document11. Summary and implications for developing countries
View the documentAppendix A: IT-related courses in tertiary-level institutions in 1987/88
View the documentAppendix B: EOLAS innovation support programmes
View the documentReferences
close this folder2: Information technology in Ethiopia
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View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Historical perspective
View the document3. Government policy and the role of key institutions
View the document4. Telecommunication infrastructure
View the document5. IT applications in the service sector
View the document6. Education and training in IT
View the documentAppendix: Computer courses
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close this folder3: Development of information technology in Nigeria
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View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Growth of information technology
View the document3. IT policy
View the document4. The computer service industry
View the document5. Telecommunications
View the document6. Applications of IT
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View the document8. Conclusion
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close this folder4: Development of information technology in Tanzania
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View the document1. History of informatics in Tanzania
View the document2. Current situation: Computer hardware
View the document3. Trend in growth of hardware acquisition since the 1960s
View the document4. Current situation: Computer software
View the document5. Informatics education and training
View the document6. Computer usage
View the document7. Informatics infrastructure
View the document8. Informatics policy
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View the documentOther titles of interest

1. Introduction

This report presents some highlights of the application of information technology (IT) in Ethiopia and attempts to show the overall situation. However, it may be worth noting that, on the basis of the present activities and the 10-year perspective plan, it is very likely that the situation will change dramatically in the next two to five years.

Background

Ethiopia has a total land area of 1,251,282 km2, comprising a central highland mass surrounded by low land. It is the seventh-largest country in Africa. The country extends from latitude 3°N to 18°N and longitude 33°E to 48°E, with approximately equal east-west and north-south dimensions.

With a population of 46 million, Ethiopia is one of the most populous of the least developed countries in Africa. The age distribution shows that the country's population is predominantly young, with 46.6 per cent of the population under 15 years of age and 69 per cent under 30 years of age.

Early Ethiopian civilization indicates a number of achievements in the application of science and technology. The remnants of impressive architectural works of pre-Christian and Christian times are evidence of the progress made in civil engineering and architectural works.

A detailed historical overview of science and technology in Ethiopia has been given in the document entitled "Assessment of the current situation and problems of S&T in Ethiopia" presented to the conference on the National Science and Technology Policy of Ethiopia.1

Mention should also be made that Ethiopia has its own script, "Amharic," which is an official language of communication in government organizations and schools. Innovative development of IT in the country takes this fact into consideration.

Report Outline

In section 2 the historical development of IT is reviewed and data on suppliers presented. Section 3 deals with the role of key institutions in the promotion of IT in Ethiopia. Section 4 concentrates on the telecommunications infrastructure. The application of IT in some of the major organizations in the service sector is discussed in section 5. Finally, the current situation with regard to education training in IT is presented in section 6.