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close this bookChronic Energy Deficiency : Consequences and Related Issues (International Dietary Energy Consultative Group - IDECG, 1987, 201 pages)
close this folderPregnancy, lactation and childhood: Report of working group 1*
close this folder3. Lactation
View the document3.1. New information
View the document3.2. Policy implications
View the document3.3. Needs for research

3.3. Needs for research

1. Studies on lactation, using modern methods, should be replicated in populations more severely deprived than those studied so far.

2. More work is needed on the physiology and biochemistry of milk production and secretion, in order to get a better understanding of the controlling factors.

3. The reason needs to be investigated, why supplementation of the mother apparently has different effects in pregnancy and in lactation.

4. Research is needed on energy expenditure in lactating women. Does the mother economize, as she apparently does in pregnancy ?

5. If reductions in the amount and changes in the pattern of energy expenditure do occur during lactation, their social implications must be examined.

6. Further research is needed on the effect on breast milk output of supplementary feeding of the infant, in terms of amount and timing.