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close this bookActivity, Energy Expenditure and Energy Requirements of Infants and Children (International Dietary Energy Consultative Group - IDECG, 1989, 412 pages)
close this folderTotal energy expenditure of free-living infants and children obtained by the doubly-labelled water method
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentAbstract
View the document1. Introduction
Open this folder and view contents2. Method
Open this folder and view contents3. A review of published studies
View the document4. Outstanding methodological concerns
View the document5. Future studies
View the document6. Conclusions
View the documentReferences

References

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BLACK, A.E., PRENTICE, A.M., COWARD, W.A.: Use of food quotients to predict respiratory quotients for the doubly-labelled water method of measuring energy expenditure. Hum. Nutr. Clin. Nutr., 40C, 381-391 (1986).

BUTTE, N.F., WONG, W.W., LEE, L.S., GARZA, C., KLEIN, P.D.: Energy expenditure of 4-month-old breast-fed and formula-fed infants. Proc. Nutr. Soc., 47, 37A (1988)

BUTTE, N.F., WONG, W.W., GARZA, C., KLEIN, P.D.: Energy expenditure and growth of breast-fed and formula-fed infants. FASEB J., 3, A5936 (1989).

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DAVIES, P.S.W., COLE, T.J., LUCAS, A.: Adjusting energy expenditure for body weight in early infancy. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr., 43, 641-645 (1989).

FJELD, C.R., SCHOELLER, D.A., BROWN, K.H.: A new model for predicting energy requirements of children during catch-up growth developed using doubly labeled water. Pediatr. Res., 25, 503-508 (1989).

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JONES, P.J.H., WINTHROP, A.L., SCHOELLER, D.A., FILLER, R.M., SWYER, P.H., SMITH, J., HEIM, T.: Evaluation of doubly labeled water for measuring energy expenditure in infants. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 47, 799-804 (1988).

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ROBERTS, S.B., COWARD, W.A., SCHLINGENSEIPEN. K-H., NOHRIA, V., LUCAS, A.: Comparison of the doubly-labelled water (2H218O) method with indirect calorimetry and a nutrient-balance study for simultaneous determination of energy expenditure, water intake, and metabolizable energy intake in preterm infants. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 44, 325-322 (1986).

ROBERTS, S.B., COWARD, W.A., EWING, G., SAVAGE, J. COLE, T.J., LUCAS, A.: The effect of weaning on the accuracy of the doubly-labelled water (2H218O) method in infants. Am. J. Physiol., 254, R622-627 (1988).

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SHEPHERD, R.W., HOLT, T.W., VASQUEZ-VELASQUEZ, L., COWARD, W.A., PRENTICE, A.M., LUCAS, A.: Increased energy expenditure in young children with cystic fibrosis. Lancet, i, 1300-1303 (1988).

SPURR, G.B., REINA, J.C.: Estimation and validation of energy expenditure obtained by the minute-by-minute measurement of heart rate. (This volume).

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VASQUEZ-VELASQUEZ, L.: Energy expenditure and physical activity of malnourished Gambian infants. Proc. Nutr. Soc., 47, 233-239 (1988).