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close this bookCauses and Mechanisms of Linear Growth Retardation (International Dietary Energy Consultative Group - IDECG, 1993, 216 pages)
close this folderOnset and evolution of stunting in infants and children. Examples from the Human Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Program. Kenya and Egypt studies
View the document(introductory text...)
View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. The Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Program
View the document3. Example of stunting: Kenya project
View the document4. Example of stunting: Egypt project
View the document5. Summary
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1. Introduction

Stunting is frequently associated with functional disadvantages (Martorell et al., 1992; Neumann & Bwibo, 1987; Neumann, Bwibo & Sigman, 1992). Even when socioeconomic status and other home and environmental factors are controlled for, stunting per se remains negatively correlated with cognitive and school performance, physical activity and reproductive outcome, and positively correlated with risk of infection. Chronic food deficits accompanied by infection contribute to stunting and underweight, both of which are highly prevalent in developing countries and are the most common forms of malnutrition (Jelliffe & Jelliffe, 1989).