|The Mega-city in Latin America (UNU, 1996, 282 pages)|
|8. Mexico City: No longer a leviathan?|
1. This paper was written before the devaluation of December 1994 and Mexico's subsequent economic recession.
2. Ejidos were established after the Mexican Revolution as inalienable areas of community land; ejidararios are members of the community.
3. Gini coefficients for the country have stayed remarkably stable for decades, according to a variety of sources (Ahluwalia et al., 1979; Paukert, 1973). For example, nationwide Gini coefficients between 1950 and 1990 remained near 0.53 with no obvious trend (1990 value calculated by E. Zepeda). Although metropolitan data are seldom available, Gini coefficients derived for Mexico City reflect a distribution that is less unequal than that of the nation as a whole, with a value of 0.49 (E. Zepeda, personal communication, 1994).
4. System losses may reach as high as 30 per cent (UNDIESA, 1991: 21).