Cover Image
close this bookFood and Nutrition Bulletin Volume 19, Number 3, 1998 (UNU, 1998, 102 pages)
close this folderDietary fat in developing countries
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentConsumption pattern of dietary fats in Chile
View the documentSummary and recommendations
View the documentReferences

References

1. Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization. Pats and oils in human nutrition. Report of a FAO/WHO joint expert consultation. Rome: FAO, 1994.

2. Murray CJL, Lopoz AD. Mortality by cause for eight regions of the world: global burden of disease study. Lancet 1997;349:1269-76.

3. Ashwell M, ed. Diet and heart disease: a round table of factors. London: British Nutrition Foundation, 1993.

4. Khosla P, Hayes KC. Cholesterolaemic effects of saturated fatty acids of palm oil. Food Nutr Bull 1994,15:119-25.

5. Hayes KC, Khosla P. Dietary fatty acids and thresholds and cholesterolemia. FASEB J 1992:6:2600-7.

6. Informe anual de evolución de sueldos y salarios, y distribución de recursos. Santiago: Ministerio de Economia, Republica de Chile, Instituto Nacional Estadisticas, 1996.

7. Informe anual de importaciones de materias primas y productos manufacturados. Santiago: Banco Central de Chile, 1996.

8. Informe de consultoria. Santiago: Corperación Chilena y Aceites, 1996.

9. Informe de distribución de ingreso estratificado por habitante 1970-1995. Santiago: Ministerio de Economia, Republica de Chile, Instituto de Naciopal de Estadisicas, 1996.

10. Valenzuela A, Nieto S, Uauy R. Improvement of fish oil technology to allow human consumption. In: Valiente S, Avila B, eds. Food and nutrition policies and programs in Chile: a successful experience. Santiago: University of Chile, 1993;461-72.

11. Informe anual sobre actividad pesquera en el litoral chileno. Santiago: Corporación de Fomento de la Producción, Instituto de Fomento Pesquero, 1995.

12. Amadori E. Monografías sobre ingeniería de alimentos. Publicación No. 12. Santiago: Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad de Chile, 1995.

13. Sepulveda E. Panorama de la producción de materias grasas a nivel mundial y latinoamericano. Curso de química y tecnología de grasas y aceites. Santiago: Facultad, Ciencias Químicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad de Chile, 1995.

14. Informe de consultoría, Asociación de Productores de Aves y Huevos de Chile. Santiago: Instituto de Nutrición y Tecnología de Alimentos, Universidad de Chile. 1996.

15. Senti PR. Health aspects of dietary trans fatty acids. Bethesda, Md, USA: Federation of the American Society of Experimental Biologists (Contract N248 FDA 223.83-2020), 1985.

16. Mensink RP, Katan MB, Hornstra G. Effect of dietary cis and trans fatty acids on serum lipoprotein (a) levels in humans. J Lipid Res 1992,33:1493-1501.

17. Valenzuela A, King J, Nieto S. Trans fatty acid isomers from hydrogenated fats: the controversy about health implications. Grasas y Aceites 1995:46:369-75.

18. Valenzuela A, Nieto, S. Natural and synthetic antioxidants: food quality protectors. Grasas y Aceites 1996;47:186-96.

19. Vinodini R, Pralhad Rao N, Gowrinath Sastry J, Kashinath K. Nutrition trends in India. Hyderabad: National Institute of Nutrition, ICMR, 1993.

20. Gopalan C. Nutrition Research in South East Asia: the emerging agenda of the future. Regional Publication No. 23, Southeast Asia Regional Office (SEARO). New Delhi: World Health Organization, 1994.

21. National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau. Report of the year 1979. Hyderabad: National Institute of Nutrition Hyderabad, 1979.

22. National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau. Report on urban population. Hyderabad: National Institute of Nutrition, 1982

23. Market information surveys of households (1985-1990). New Delhi: National Council for Applied Economic Research, 1995.

24. Rao MV. Status of vegetable oil economy in India and role of technologists in solving oil shortage. Journal of Oil Technologists Association of India, 1987;19:26-31.

25. Mehtab DN. Oil scenario 2001. Oil Technologists' Association Vyapar Kesari Suppl 1995:5.

26. Singh S, Mulukuntia K. Consumer behaviour in food products: a case study of edible oil in urban India. Food Industry 1996;15:34-42.

27. Gopalan C, Ramasastry BV, Balasubramanian SC, updated by Narasinga Rao BS, Deosthale YG, Pant KC. Nutrient composition of Indian foods. New Delhi: ICMR, 1989.

28. Ghafoorunissa. Fat and fatty acid content of cereals and pulses and their relevance to Indian diets. Eur J Clin Nutr 1989;43:275-83.

29. Ghafoorunissa, Jyotsna P. Vegetables as a source of alpha linolenic acid in Indian diets. Food Chem 1993;47:121-4.

30. Ghafoorunissa, Reddy V, Sesikeran B. Palm oil and groundnut oil have comparable effects on blood lipids and platelet aggregation in healthy Indian subjects. Lipids 1995;30:1163-9.

31. Gopalan C. Consumption of edible oil in India: the present picture. Nutrition Foundation of India Bulletin 1988;9:6-8.

32. Indian Council of Medical Research. Nutrient requirements and recommended dietary allowances for Indians. Hyderabad: National Institute of Nutrition, 1989.

33. Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization. The role of dietary fats and oils in human nutrition. Report of an expert consultation. Rome: FAO, 1978.

34. Gopalan C, Swaminathan MC, Krishna Kumari K, Hanumanth Rao, Vijayaraghaven K. Effects of caloric supplementation on growth of undernourished children. Am J Clin Nutr 1973;26:563-6.

35. Susheela TP, Narasinga Rao BS. Energy density of diet in relation to energy intake of preschool children from urban and rural communities of different economic status. Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1983;37C:133-7.

36. Narasinga Rao BS, Susheela TP, Nadamuni Naida A, Krishna Kumari M. Energy intake of well-to-do preschool children in India. India J Med Res 1983;77:62-72.

37. Food and Agriculture Organization. Food composition tables for use in Africa. Rome: FAO, 1968.

38. Souci SW, Fachmann W, Kraut H. Food composition and nutrition tables. Boca Raton, Fla, USA: CRC Press, 1994.

39. Ghafoorunissa. Fats in Indian diets and their nutritional and health implications. Lipids 1996;31:S287-91.

40. Chandrasekhar K, Deosthale YG. Fat and fatty acid composition of edible muscle of Indian fish. In: Deva Dasan K, Mukundan MK, Antony PD, Vishwanathan Nair PG, Perigreen PA, Joseph J, eds. Nutrient and bioactive substances in aquatic organisms. Cochin, India: Paico Printing Press, 1994:195-201.

41. Indu M, Ghafoorunissa. n-3 Fatty acid in Indian diets - comparison of the effects of precursor (alpha linolenic acid) vs product (long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids). Nutr Res 1992,12:569-82.

42. IDRC. Improving young child feeding in Eastern and Southern Africa. Household-level food technology. Proceedings of a workshop in Nairobi, Kenya, 12-16 October 1987. Ottawa: IDRC, 1988.

43. Treche S, de Benoist B, Benbouzid D, Delpeuch F, eds. L'alimentation de complément du jeune enfant. Paris: OMS/ORSTOM, 1995.

44. Butte NF. Energy requirements of infants. Eur J Clin Nutr 1996;50(suppl 1):S24-S36.

45. Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization/United Nations University. Energy and protein requirements. Report of a joint expert consultation. Technical Report Series No. 724. Geneva: WHO, 1985.

46. World Health Organization. Complementary feeding of young children in developing countries, a review of current scientific knowledge. Geneva: WHO (in press).

47. World Health Organization. Breast-feeding. The technical basis and recommendations for action. Geneva: WHO, 1993.

48. World Health Organization. Weaning from breast milk to family food: a guide for health and community workers. Geneva: WHO, 1989.

49. Delpeuch F, Martin-Prevel Y, Fouere T, Traissac P, Mbemba F, Ly C, Sy A, Treche S, Maire B. L'alimentation de complément du jeune enfant après la dévaluation du franc CFA: deux études de cas en milieu urbain, au Congo et au Sénégal. Bull OMS 1996;74:67-75.

50. World Health Organization. The quantity and quality of breast milk. Report of the WHO collaborative study on breast milk. Geneva: WHO, 1985.

51. World Health Organization. Measuring change in nutritional status. Guidelines for assessing nutritional impact of supplementary feeding programs for vulnerable groups. Geneva: WHO, 1983.

52. Jensen RG, Bitman J, Carlson SE, Couch SC, Hamosh M, Newburg DS. Milk lipids, A. Human milk lipids. In:

Jensen RG, ed. Handbook of milk composition. San Diego, Calif, USA: Academic Press, 1995:495-575.

53. Keys A, Anderson JT, Grand F. Serum cholesterol response to changes in the diet. IV. Particular saturated fatty acids in the diet. Metabolism 1965:14:776-87.

54. Hegsted DM, McGandy RB, Myers ML, Stare FJ. Quantitative effects of dietary fat on serum cholesterol in man. Am J Clin Nutr 1965;17:281-5.

55. Hegsted DM. Dietary fatty acids, serum cholesterol and coronary heart disease. In: Nelson GJ, ed. Health effects of dietary fatty acids. Champaign, Ill, USA: American Oil Chemists Society, 1991:50-68.

56. Marzuli A, Arshad F, Razak TA, Jaarin K. Influence of dietary fat on plasma lipid profiles of Malaysian adolescents. Am J Clin Nutr 1991;53:S1010-4.

57. Ng TKW, Hassan K, Lim JB, Lye MS, Ishak R. Nonhyper-cholesterolemic effects of a palm oil diet in Malaysian volunteers. Am J Clin Nutr 1991;53:1015S-20S.

58. Khosla P, Sundram K. Effects of dietary fatty acid composition on plasma cholesterol. Prog Lipid Res 1998;35:93-132.

59. Choudhury N, Tan L, Truswell AS. Comparison of palmolein and olive oil: effects on plasma lipids and vitamin E in young adults. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;61:1043-51.

60. Truswell AS, Cuddly N, Roberts DCK. Double blind comparison of plasma lipids in healthy subjects eating potato crisps fried in palm olein or canola oil. Nutr Res 1993;12:S43-8.

61. Sundram K, Hayes KC, Siru OH. Both dietary 18:2 and 16:0 may be required to improve the serum LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio in normocholesterolemic men. J Nutr Biochem 1995;6:179-87.

62. Mensink RP, Katan MB. Effect of dietary trans fatty acids on high-density and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in healthy subjects. N Engl J Med 1990;323:439-45.

63. Zock PL, Katan MB. Hydrogenation alternatives: effects of trans fatty acid and stearic acid versus linoleic acid on serum lipids and lipoproteins in humans. J Lipid Res 1992;33:399-410.

64. Nestel PJ, Noakes M, Belling GB, McArthur R, Clifton PM, Abbey M. Plasma cholesterol-lowering potential of edible-oil blends suitable for commercial use. Am J Clin Nutr 1992;55:46-50.

65. Judd JT, Clevidence BA, Muesing RA, Wittes J, Sunkin ME, Podczasy JJ. Dietary trans fatty acids: effects on plasma lipids and lipoproteins of healthy adult men and women. Am J Clin Nutr 1994;59:861-8.

66. Aro A, Jauhiainen M, Partanen R, Salminen I, Mutanen M. Stearic acid, trans fatty acids, and dairy fat: effects on serum and lipoprotein lipids, apolipoproteins, lipoprotein (a), and lipid transfer proteins in healthy subjects. Am J Clin Nutr 1997;65:1419-26.

67. Sundram K, Ismail A, Hayes KC, Jeyamalart R, Pathmanathan R. Trans (elaidic) fatty acids adversely affect the lipoprotein profile relative to specific saturated fatty acids in humans. J Nutr 1997;127:514S-20S.

68. Trujillo JA, Rodriguez DB, Esteves W, Plonis GF. Caro-tenoid composition and vitamin A values of oils from 4 Brazilian palm fruits. Fat Sci Technol 1990;92:222-6.

69. Onyewu PN, Ho C-T, Daun H. Characterization of b-carotene thermal degradation products on a model food system. J Am Oil Chem Soc 1986;63:1437-41.