|Environment, Biodiversity and Agricultural Change in West Africa (UNU, 1997, 141 pages)|
|1: General background|
|2: People, land management and environmental change: Conceptual background, with focus on Africa|
|Background and context|
|Population, agriculture and environment in sub-Saharan Africa|
|Objectives of PLEC|
|PLEC in Africa|
|International collaboration for sustainable development|
|3: Indigenous African farming systems: Their significance for sustainable environmental use (Keynote address)|
|Concept of sustainability|
|Indigenous sustainable farming systems|
|4: Criteria for designing sustainable farming systems in tropical Africa|
|Farming systems of tropical Africa and their sustainability under changing conditions|
|Ingredients of sustainable farming systems and issues to be considered in the design of these systems|
|Sectorial interface requirements|
|Conclusions and recommendations|
|Pilot study of production pressure and environmental change in the forest-savanna zone of southern Ghana|
|5: Background and objectives of the study of production pressure and environmental change in the southern forest-savanna transition zone|
|The forest-savanna zone|
|6: A multidisciplinary integrated methodology|
|7: Land use and cover patterns|
|Materials and method|
|Results and discussion|
|9: Floral and faunal diversity|
|Materials and methods|
|Results and other observations|
|10: Population growth and urban demand|
|11: Ability of the farming systems to cope and strategies for sustaining farming|
|The agroenvironmental changes and adaptations|
|Strategies for sustaining farming|
|12: Gender and non-governmental organizations in environmental management|
|Gender and non-governmental organizations|
|Environmental and agricultural changes|
|Measures for coping with the adverse changes|
|The relative roles of NGOs and GOs|
|13: Interacting with the environment: Adaptation and regeneration on degraded land in upper Manya Krobo|
|Upper Manya Krobo|
|Land degradation and its consequences|
|Adaptation, regeneration and innovation|
|Implications for research|
|14: Land use and cover change in the southern forest-savanna transition zone in Ghana: A sequence model|
|Land use and cover sequences|
|Food cropping on abandoned land|
|Land use and cover sub-sequences|
|General indications and future trends|
|15: Women, environmental change and economic crisis in Ghana|
|Background to the research: Economic crisis and structural adjustment|
|Environmental degradation in North-Eastern Ghana|
|Gender and agricultural systems in North-Eastern Ghana|
|The gender division of labour|
|Structural adjustment and its impact on health, nutrition and consumption patterns|
|Changes in educational status|
|Changes in income-generating activities|
|Changes in women's time use|
|Women's time use and seasonality|
|16: Conclusions and directions for future research|
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