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close this bookEnergy and Protein requirements, Proceedings of an IDECG workshop, November 1994, London, UK, Supplement of the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (International Dietary Energy Consultative Group - IDECG, 1994, 198 pages)
close this folderReport of the working group on energy requirements of infants, children and adolescents
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentGeneral principles
View the documentInfants
View the documentChildren and adolescents
View the documentMethodological considerations


1. Current FAO/WHO/UNU recommendations for dietary energy intake of infants seem too high, based on reported measurements of total energy expenditure and estimations of the energy deposited for growth. This observation should be confirmed by expansion of the available database on total energy expenditure of healthy infants, in terms of sample size and geographic distribution across the entire age range of infancy. Data are particularly scarce in the second 6 months of infancy.

2. Given the relative uniformity of behavior, physical activity and growth of infants from different geographic origins, the Working Group believes that estimates of energy requirements can be applied universally to healthy infants.

3. More data must be sought on total energy expenditure of infants in populations at risk of high rates of infection and exposed to other sources of stress to determine if energy requirements are altered under these circumstances, taking into account also the needs for adequate catch-up growth.

4. To better define the energy cost of growth, changes in body composition during infancy must be confirmed.

Correspondence to: IDECG Secretariat, c/o Nestle Foundation, P.O. Box 581,1001 Lausanne, Switzerland