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close this bookEnergy and Protein requirements, Proceedings of an IDECG workshop, November 1994, London, UK, Supplement of the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (International Dietary Energy Consultative Group - IDECG, 1994, 198 pages)
close this folderEnergy requirements of older individuals
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentMethodology for determination of total energy expenditure
View the documentTotal energy expenditure of older individuals
View the documentRelationship between total energy expenditure and physical activity
View the documentEffects of energy balance on nitrogen balance
View the documentSummary of energy requirements in older individuals and recommendations for future research
View the documentReferences
View the documentDiscussion

References

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FAO/WHO/UNU (1985): Energy and protein requirements. Report of a joint FAO/WHO/UNU expert consultation. Technical Report Series 724. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Goran Ml & Poehlman ET (1992): Total energy expenditure and energy requirements in healthy elderly persons. Metabolism 41, 744-753.

Helmrich SP, Ragland DR, Leung RW & Paffenbarger RS (1991): Physical activity and reduced occurrence of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. New Eng. J. Med. 325, 147-152.

National Research Council (1989): Recommended Dietary Allowances, 10th edn. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

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Prentice AM (ed.) (1990): The doubly-labelled water method for measuring energy expenditure. Technical recommendations for use in humans. Viena: International Atomic Energy Agency.

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Roberts SB (1989): Use of the doubly labeled water method for measurement of energy expenditure, total body water, water intake and metabolizable energy intake in humans and small animals. Can. J. Physiol. Pharm. 67, 1190-1198.

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Schoeller DA (1988): Measurement of energy expenditure in free living humans by using doubly labeled water. J. Nutr. 118, 12781289.

Schoeller DA, Ravussin E, Schutz Y. Acheson KJ, Baertschi P, Jéquier E (1986): Energy expenditure by doubly labeled water validation in humans and proposed calculation. Am. J. Physiol 250, R823-R830.