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close this bookThe Impact of Economic Development on Rural Women in China (UNU, 1993, 85 pages)
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentNote to the reader from the UNU
View the documentPreface
View the document1. Agricultural development and the changing status and roles of rural women in China
Open this folder and view contents2. The research project
Open this folder and view contents3. Analysis of the field survey findings
View the documentConclusions and suggestions for decision makers
View the documentAppendix 1. General survey form
View the documentAppendix 2. Findings from the general survey
View the documentAppendix 3. Quantitative questionnaire
View the documentAppendix 4. Life-history matrix
View the documentAppendix 4. Qualitative questionnaire
View the documentAppendix 6. Time-allocation forms

Appendix 2. Findings from the general survey

Tables A.1-A.9 summarize findings from the general survey conducted in Hengtang Township, Jiangsu Province, and Jiahong Township, Sichuan Province, in preparation for the in-depth study of a selected sample of women reported in the text.

Table A.1 Distribution of women according to the age cohorts selected for study


Hengtang

Jiahong

Cohort

No.

%

No.

%

Elderly (55-65 years)

1,651

11.80

384

10.51

Middle-age (35-45 years)

2,752

19.66

760

20.80

Young (17-27 years)

4,315

30.83

1,064

29.12

Othera

5,277

37.71

1,446

39.57

TOTAL

13,995

100

3,654

100

a. Women over 17 years old not falling into any of the three selected cohorts.

Table A.2 Women's marital status


Elderly

Middle-age

Young


No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

Hengtang

Unmarried

1

0.06

2

0.07

2,980

69.1

Ever married

1,650

99.94

2,750

99.93

1,335

30.9

TOTAL

1,651

100

2,752

100

4,315

100

Jiahong

Unmarried

1

0.3

1

0.1

666

62.6

Ever married

383

99.7

759

99.9

398

37.4

TOTAL

384

100

760

100

1,064

100

Table A.3 Proportion of divorced, separated, Widowed, and remarried women among those ever married


Elderly

Middle-age

Young


No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

Hengtang

Ever married

1,650

100

2,750

100

1,335

l00

Divorced

2

0.1

7

0.3

0

0

Widowed

408

24.7

16

0.6

0

0

Remarried

61

3.7

37

1.3

0

0

Jiahong

Ever married

383

100

759

100

398

100

Divorced

0

0

3

0.4

0

0

Separated

0

0

0

0

3

0.8

Widowed

106

27.7

20

2.6

2

0.5

Remarried

20

5.2

13

1.7

0

0

Table A.4 Family-structure type of the households of women of the three age cohorts, Hengtang


Elderly

Middle-age

Young


No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

Nuclear family

1,082

65.5

2,360

85.8

3,145

72.9

Lineal family

385

23.2

329

12.0

955

22.1

Joint family

54

3.3

18

0.7

81

1.9

Other

132

8.0

45

1.6

134

3.1

TOTAL

1,651

100

2,752

100

4,315

100

Table A.5 Family-structure type of the households of women over 17 years old, Jiahong


No.

%

Sizea

Nuclear family

1,910

75.1

3.9

Lineal family

556

21.9

5.5

Joint family

15

0.6

7.6

Otherb

61

2.4

1.6

TOTAL

2,542

100

4.2

a. Average number of people per household.
b. 52 of these 61 households are single-person families.

Table A.6 Women's educational levels


Elderly

Middle-age

Young


No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

Hengtang

Illiterate

1 467

88.9

266

9.7

23

0.5

Lower primary school

108

6.5

359

13.0

43

1.0

Primary school

72

4.4

1.616

58.7

1,404

32.5

Junior middle school

4

0.2

460

16.7

2,426

56.2

Senior middle school

0

0

51

1.9

414

9.6

College

0

0

0

0

5

0.1

TOTAL

1.651

100

2,752

100

4,315

100

Jiahong

Illiterate

317

82.6

170

22.4

24

2.3

Lower primary school

11

2.9

37

4.9

7

0.7

Primary school

51

13.3

456

60.0

463

43.5

Junior middle school

5

1.3

89

11.7

520

48.9

Senior middle school

0

0

8

1.1

50

4.7

TOTAL

384

100

760

100

1,064

100

Table A.7 Distribution of women by occupational group


Elderly

Middle-age

Young


No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

Hengtang

Agriculture

1,467

88.9

2,499

90.8

1,854

43.0

Industry, commerce, and transportation

14

0.8

216

7.8

2,368

54.9

Education and public health

0

0

37

1.3

93

2.1

Household

170

10.3

0

0

0

0

TOTAL

1,651

100

2,752

100

4,315

100

Jiahong

Agriculture

381

99.2

744

97.9

956

89.9

Industry

3

0.8

11

1.4

61

5.7

Education and public health

0

0

5

0.7

12

1.1

Student

0

0

0

0

35

3.3

TOTAL

384

100

760

100

1,064

100

Table A.8 Per capita annual income of rural residents in Hengtang by income category of villages

Village income category

Income(yuan RMB)

No. of villages

Upper

551-630

5

Middle

471-550

10

Lower

391-470

10

Table A.9 Annual family Income of households Of women over 17 years old, Jiahong

Income
(yuan RMB)

No. of households

%

Income (yuan RMB)

No. of households

%

Under 800

278

8.6

3 001-3,500

83

3.3

801-1,200

478

18.8

3,501-4,000

48

1.9

1,201-1,600

623

24.5

4,001-5,000

23

0.9

1,601-2,000

454

17.9

5,001-6,000

8

0.3

2,001-2,500

389

15.3

Over 6,000

5

0.2

2,501-3,000

213

8.4

TOTAL

2,542

100