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close this bookBioconversion of Organic Residues for Rural Communities (UNU, 1979)
View the documentFrom the charter of the United Nations University
View the documentForeword
Open this folder and view contentsPerspectives on bioconversion of organic residues for rural communities
Open this folder and view contentsAvailability of organic residues as a rural resource
Open this folder and view contentsMicro-organisms as tools for rural processing of organic residues
Open this folder and view contentsProduction of feed as an objective for bioconversion systems
Open this folder and view contentsEnvironmental goals for microbial bioconversion in rural communities
Open this folder and view contentsStrategies for developing small-scale fermentation processes in developing countries
Open this folder and view contentsProduction of microbial protein foods on edible substrates, food by-products, and ligno-cellulosic wastes
Open this folder and view contentsThe role of ruminants in the bioconversion of tropical byproducts and wastes into food and fuel
Open this folder and view contentsPossible applications of enzyme technology in rural areas
Open this folder and view contentsIndian experience with treated straw as feed
Open this folder and view contentsIndian experience with algal ponds
Open this folder and view contentsOrganic residues in aquaculture
Open this folder and view contentsBiogas generation: developments. Problems, and tasks - an overview
Open this folder and view contentsMushroom production technology for rural development
Open this folder and view contentsThe combination of algal and anaerobic waste treatment in a bioregenerative farm system
Open this folder and view contentsA continuous composting system for disposal and utilization of animal wastes at the village level
Open this folder and view contentsBioconversion of fruit and vegetable wastes
Open this folder and view contentsIntegrated research on agricultural waste reclamation
Open this folder and view contentsSolid state fermentation of starchy substrates
Open this folder and view contentsProduction of single-cell protein from cellulose
Open this folder and view contentsAnalysis of energy cost of integrated systems
Open this folder and view contentsAnalysis of bioconversion systems at the village level
Open this folder and view contentsNutritional evaluation of bioconversion products for farm animals
Open this folder and view contentsBioconversion products: toxicology - problems and potential
Open this folder and view contentsNutritional evaluation in humans
Open this folder and view contentsBiomass from organic residues for animal and human feeding
Open this folder and view contentsAppropriate biotechnology - summary remarks
Open this folder and view contentsOther UNU Publications

From the charter of the United Nations University

ARTICLE I Purposes and structure

1. The United Nations University shall be an international community of scholars, engaged in research, postgraduate training and dissemination of knowledge in furtherance of the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations. In achieving its stated objectives, it shall function under the joint sponsorship of the United Nations and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization thereinafter referred to as UNESCO), through a central programming and co-ordinating body and a network of research and postgraduate training centres and programmes located in the developed and developing countries.

2. The University shall devote its work to research into the pressing global problems of human survival, development and welfare that are the concern of the United Nations and its agencies, with due attention to the social sciences and the humanities as well as natural sciences, pure and applied.

3. The research programmes of the institutions of the University shall include, among other subjects, coexistence between peoples having different cultures, languages and social systems; peaceful relations between States and the maintenance of peace and security; human rights; economic and social change and development; the environment and the proper use of resources; basic scientific research and the application of the results of science and technology in the interests of development; and universal human values related to the improvement of the quality of life,

4. The University shall disseminate the knowledge gained in its activities to the United Nations and its agencies, to scholars and to the public, in order to increase dynamic interaction in the world-wide community of learning and research.

5. The University and ail those who work in it shall act in accordance with the spirit of the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and the Constitution of UNESCO and with the fundamental principles of contemporary international law.

6. The University shall have as a central objective of its research and training centres and programmes the continuing growth of vigorous academic and scientific communities everywhere and particularly in the developing countries, devoted to their vital needs in the fields of learning and research within the framework of the aims assigned to those centres and programmes in the present Charter. It shall endeavour to alleviate the intellectual isolation of persons in such communities in the developing countries which might otherwise become a reason for their moving to developed countries.

7. In its post-graduate training the University shall assist scholars, especially young scholars, to participate in research in order to increase their capability to contribute to the extension, application and diffusion of knowledge. The University may also undertake the training of persons who will serve in international or national technical assistance programmes, particularly in regard to an interdisciplinary approach to the problems with which they will be called upon to deal.

ARTICLE II Academic freedom and autonomy

1. The University shall enjoy autonomy within the framework of the United Nations. It shall also enjoy the academic freedom required for the achievement of its objectives, with particular reference to the choice of subjects and methods of research and training, the selection of persons and institutions to share in its tasks, and freedom of expression. The University shall decide freely on the use of the financial resources allocated for the execution of its functions....