|Food Price Policies and Nutrition in Latin America (UNU, 1980, 170 pages)|
Food and Nutrition Policy Objectives in National Planning is one of the priority sub programmes of the United Nations University World Hunger Programme, closely associated with two other UN University Programmes-Human and Social Development, and Natural Resources. Equally, the Centre for Economic and Social Studies of the Third World (CEESTEM) in Mexico City has maintained an active interest in food and nutrition issues for several years. In the light of their mutual interests, the two joined forces to sponsor this Workshop.
In this increasingly interdependent world, what one country does with respect to trade, tariffs, and import export regulations affects, for good or ill, other countries. What individual governments do in their own policy-making for national development also affects their populations positively or negatively. Some segments may prosper while others, usually the rural poor, are left out or trapped in greater poverty. Given the magnitude of the world hunger problem, with its threat to human well-being on a global scale, this Workshop, the first to be held under the aegis of the Food and Nutrition Policy Sub-programme, was convened to address one approach toward alleviation of world hunger, the impact of food price policy on nutrition. To be sure, this is only one approach among many that must be explored, but it is essential that governments recognize that food price policies have a profound effect on who eats and who barely survives.
The participants in the Workshop, realizing that too many people cannot afford to purchase adequate diets-and these are often the landless who are left out of the food production system-came together to share experiences from countries in Latin America and the Caribbean region and in Mexico and to analyze how food price policies affect the nutritional status of the populations in these countries. The goal of disseminating the proceedings of this Workshop is to point out areas that need further research and to suggest needed changes and methods for carrying them out that can be adopted by governments in the Third World to improve the nutrition and health of large segments of their populations-a sine qua non for national development. Certainly the industrialized nations have a share in this responsibility and must become more aware of how their international trade policies impact on citizens in developing countries.
The Workshop was held at CEESTEM Headquarters in Mexico City, 22 - 25 March 1978, where excellent logistical support provided by the CEESTEM staff was most helpful in running a smooth, productive conference. CEESTEM will publish these proceedings in Spanish in the near future. The Spanish version may be obtained from Centro de Estudios Económicos y Sociales del Tercer Mundo (CEESTEM), Crnl. Porfirio Diaz 50, Mexico 20, D.F.
Giorgio Solimano (Conference Chairman)
and Lance Taylor, Editors