Glossary: Architectural terminology of the region
Bãdgir: A type of wind-catch into which wind can flow from several
directions, generally four, but also two. A septum that is the height of the
vertical channel prevents wind from flowing in one entrance and out another.
Highly developed in Iran and the Arab countries surrounding the Gulf. The word
in Persian is (bãdgir), which appears to be the source of the word in Arabic.
Brise-soleil: A projection, louvers or a screen, used to block out
unwanted sun rays.
Claustrum (pi. Claustra): Decorative moldings or tracery
used for air passage.
Dur-qã'a: The central space of the qã'a.
Iwãn (pl. Iwãnat): A recessed covered space open to the center of a
qã'a, the dur-qã'a, or, often through a loggia, to a courtyard.
Jãli: A lattice screen, used in South Asia for air passage. Also
written jolly or jalee. From the Hindi word jãli.
Kunja: The space between buttresses in a qã'a used as a raised sitting
alcove or built-in cupboards. Probably from the Persian word for corner or nook
Loggia: An open-roofed gallery or arcade on the side of a building
with a height of one or more stories and not projecting from the surface of the
Madyafa: A guest house or guest room.
Malgaf: A device for capturing wind at a high point of a building. The
word literally means catcher.
Mashrabiya: Wooden lattice screens which can be placed in the window
of a qã a, in a dur-qã'a, in an oriel window, or elsewhere.
Qã'a: A main hall of a house or building, usually the reception area
for receiving male guests.
Sahn: An internal courtyard.
Sahrigi: A mashrabiya pattern with large lattice spacing, usually
placed above another pattern to permit air circulation.
Salsabil: A type of fountain, consisting of a decorated sloping marble
slab over which water flows.
Squinch: A support, usually an arch or a lintel, carried across the
corner of a room below a superimposed mass.
Tablinum: A room or alcove between the atrium and the peristyle of an
ancient Roman house.
Takhtabush: A covered outdoor sitting area at groundlevel located
between the main courtyard and another courtyard, possibly the back