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close this bookCauses and Consequences of Intrauterine Growth Retardation, Proceedings of an IDECG workshop, November 1996, Baton Rouge, USA, Supplement of the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (International Dietary Energy Consultative Group - IDECG, 1996, 100 pages)
close this folderReport of the IDECG/IUNS working group on IUGR effects on neurological, sensory, cognitive, and behavioral function
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentLimitations of available evidence
View the documentGeneralizations
View the documentNeurologic and sensory outcomes
View the documentCognition
View the documentResearch needs
View the documentRecommendations


Effects generally correlate with the degree of early growth retardation and are aggravated by simultaneous prematurity. The more studies control for other factors associated with IUGR, the smaller effects appear to be, however this may reflect statistical over adjustment because they do not allow for synergistic interactions. The most consistent and marked effects have been observed from the preschool years through adolescence.