|Causes and Consequences of Intrauterine Growth Retardation, Proceedings of an IDECG workshop, November 1996, Baton Rouge, USA, Supplement of the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (International Dietary Energy Consultative Group - IDECG, 1996, 100 pages)|
|Report of the IDECG/IUNS working group on IUGR effects on neurological, sensory, cognitive, and behavioral function|
Effects generally correlate with the degree of early growth retardation and are aggravated by simultaneous prematurity. The more studies control for other factors associated with IUGR, the smaller effects appear to be, however this may reflect statistical over adjustment because they do not allow for synergistic interactions. The most consistent and marked effects have been observed from the preschool years through adolescence.