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close this bookEco-restructuring: Implications for sustainable development (UNU, 1998, 417 pages)
View the document(introductory text...)
close this folder1. Eco-restructuring: The transition to an ecologically sustainable economy
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View the documentIntroduction: On sustainability
View the documentThe need for holistic systems analysis
View the documentEnvironmental threats and (un)sustainability indicators
View the documentSharpening the debate
View the documentNon-controversial issues: Population, resources, and technology
close this folderControversial issues: Pollution, productivity, and biospheric stability
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentOn toxicity
View the documentThe stability of the biosphere: The impossibility of computing the odds
View the documentTechnical preconditions for sustainability
View the documentFinding the least-cost (least-pain) path
View the documentConcluding comments
View the documentNotes
View the documentReferences
close this folderPart I: Restructuring resource use
close this folder2. The biophysical basis of eco-restructuring: An overview of current relations between human economic activities and the global system
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe earth system
View the documentThe climate system and climatic change
View the documentClimatic change and vulnerability
View the documentBiological diversity
View the documentFresh water
View the documentSoils
View the documentThe solid earth (lithosphere)
View the documentLand-cover and land-use changes
View the documentHuman impacts and industrial metabolism
View the documentThe case of West Africa
View the documentOutlook
close this folder3. Ecological process engineering: The potential of bio-processing
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View the documentEditor's note
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe current situation: The status of biotechnologies
View the documentPotential and promises
View the documentMarket penetration by biotechnology
View the documentBarriers to penetration
View the documentFinal remarks
View the documentNotes
View the documentReferences
close this folder4. Materials futures: Pollution prevention, recycling, and improved functionality
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View the documentEditor's introduction
View the documentBackground
View the documentStrategies to increase materials productivity
View the documentMaterials technology
View the documentMaterial attributes
View the documentMaterial performance trends
View the documentConclusions
View the documentNotes
View the documentReferences
close this folder5. Global energy futures: The long-term perspective for eco-restructuring
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentWhat is the energy system?
View the documentEnergy system inefficiencies
View the documentThe deep future energy system
View the documentTransition and the rate of change of the energy system
View the documentNorth-South disparity and sustainable energy systems
View the documentConcluding remarks
View the documentNotes
View the documentReferences
close this folder6. Fuel decarbonization for fuel cell applications and sequestration of the separated CO2
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentThe challenge of stabilizing the atmosphere
View the documentFlue gas decarbonization vs. fuel gas decarbonization
View the documentLifecycle CO2 emissions - without and with CO2 sequestration
View the documentOptions for sequestering CO2
View the documentFraming the cost analysis for CO2 sequestration
View the documentMajor findings of the sequestration cost analysis
View the documentAppendix A: The importance of the water-gas shift reaction in fuel decarbonization
View the documentAppendix B: Biomass CO2 emission offset potential in a world where some coal-rich regions cannot or will not reduce emissions
View the documentAppendix C: Pipeline transport of hydrogen
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentNotes
View the documentReferences
close this folder7. Photovoltaics
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe technological potential of PV
View the documentPV costs
View the documentA PV market diffusion strategy
View the documentPossible PV adoption and diffusion scenarios
View the documentConcluding remarks: PV and eco-restructuring
View the documentNotes
View the documentBibliography
close this folderPart II: Restructuring sectors and the sectoral balance of the economy
close this folder8. Global eco-restructuring and technological change in the twenty-first century
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View the documentGlobalization
View the documentPopulation growth and economic growth
View the documentEnvironmental pressures for global change
View the documentScenario analysis and the use of materials
View the documentThe challenge for eco-restructuring
View the documentConcluding remarks
View the documentNotes
View the documentReferences
close this folder9. Agro-eco-restructuring: Potential for sustainability
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentEditor's note
View the documentThe broad situation
View the documentIdentifying the limiting factors
View the documentThe technological feasibility of sustainable agriculture
View the documentThe possible course towards sustainable change
View the documentFinal remarks
View the documentNotes
View the documentReferences
close this folder10. The restructuring of tropical land-use systems
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentModels of rural development
View the documentThe need for integrated solutions in tropical land use
View the documentStrategic issues
View the documentConcluding remarks
View the documentNotes
View the documentReferences
close this folder11. The restructuring of transport, logistics, trade, and industrial space use
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe significance of freight transport
View the documentPast growth and patterns of freight transport development
View the documentSpatial and transport outcomes
View the documentFuture developments affecting freight volumes and patterns
View the documentThe scope for reducing freight volumes
View the documentTaking up the potential
View the documentConclusion
View the documentNotes
View the documentReferences
close this folder12 National and international policy instruments and institutions for eco-restructuring
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentBuilding on small agreements
View the documentEconomic policy instruments and mechanisms
View the documentInternational distributional implications
View the documentA precondition for social breakthroughs in the context of developing societies
View the documentIssues of science and technology for development
View the documentA future united nations system
View the documentReferences
View the documentContributors
View the documentOther titles of interest

(introductory text...)

Robert U. Ayres, Editor
Paul M. Weaver, Assistant Editor

With the editorial support of Gilberto GallopĂ­n, Walther Manshard, R. Socolow, Mikoto Usui

United Nations University Press
TOKYO - NEW YORK - PARIS

© The United Nations University, 1998

The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations University.

United Nations University Press
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Tel: (03) 3499-2811 Fax: (03) 3406-7345
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United Nations University Press is the publishing division of the United Nations University.

Cover design by Kerkhoven Associates, London

Printed in the United States of America
UNUP-984
ISBN 92-808-0984-9

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Eco-restructuring: implications for sustainable development/
Robert U. Ayres, editor; Paul M. Weaver, assistant editor; with the editorial support of Gilberto Galloping... [et al.].
p. cm.

Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 92-808-0984-9 (pbk.)

1. Sustainable development.
2. Environmental policy. I. Ayres, Robert U. II. Weaver, Paul M. (Paul Michael). 1956
HC79.E5 E217 1998
333.7 - ddc21

98-8938
CIP

The United Nations University is an organ of the United Nations established by the General Assembly in 1972 to be an international community of scholars engaged in research, advanced training, and the dissemination of knowledge related to the pressing global problems of human survival, development, and welfare. Its activities focus mainly on peace and conflict resolution, development in a changing world. and science and technology in relation to human welfare. The University operates through a worldwide network of research and postgraduate training centres, with its planning and coordinating headquarters in Tokyo.

The United Nations University Press, the publishing division of the UNU, publishes scholarly books and periodicals in the social sciences, humanities, and pure and applied natural sciences related to the University's research.