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close this bookEarly Supplementary Feeding and Cognition (Society for Research in Child Development, 1993, 123 pages)
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentAbstract
View the documentI. Introduction
close this folderII. Methodology and findings of the longitudinal study
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentThe villages
View the documentExperimental intervention
View the documentEffects of experimental intervention on infant and preschool development
View the documentMethods of the current analyses
View the documentResults of the current analyses
View the documentConclusions
close this folderIII. Conceptual rationale for the follow-up
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentDevelopmental effects of early nutrition interventions
View the documentLong-term effects of early educational interventions
View the documentSupplementary feeding and current views on development
close this folderIV. Methodological and substantive considerations
View the documentInherent limitations of the longitudinal and follow-up studies
View the documentSummary
close this folderV. Methods of the cross-sectional follow-up
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentSubjects
View the documentSocioeconomic indicators
View the documentSchooling variables
View the documentThe psychological test battery
close this folderVI. Results from the cross-sectional follow-up
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentEffects of experimental treatment on test scores
View the documentEffects of treatment on nonschooled subjects
close this folderVII. Discussion
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentThe power of a nutritional explanation
View the documentReflections on particular findings
View the documentA theoretical interpretation
View the documentPolicy implications
View the documentAppendix A: Average nutrient intakes of Atole and Fresco subjects
View the documentAppendix B: Descriptions of tests used in the analysis of the preschool battery
View the documentReferences
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentCommentary - Going beyond nutrition: Nutrition, context, and development
View the documentCommentary - Early supplementary feeding and cognition: A retrospective comment
View the documentReply - Nutrition and development: Considerations for intervention
View the documentContributors
View the documentStatement of editorial policy

Appendix A: Average nutrient intakes of Atole and Fresco subjects

TABLE A1: MEANS AND STANDARD DEVIATIONS OF SUPPLEMENT INTAKES: ENTIRE SAMPLE

Period of Supplementation

Atole Male(N)

Atole Female (N)

Fresco Male (N)

Fresco Female (N)

Prenatal:


Kcal

106.5 ± 95.1

99.0 ± 89.3

85.6 ± 72.2

75.8 ± 61.9


Protein (g)

7.5 ± 6.7

7.0 ± 6.3

0

0



(260)

(235)

(191)

(164)

Lactation:


0-12 months:







Kcal

91.2 ± 145.0

77.3 ± 127.2

36.0 ± 52.8

32.2 ± 53.6



Protein (g)

6.4 ± 10.2

5.4 ± 9.0

0

0




(665)

(642)

(462)

(433)


12-24 months:







Kcal

61.5 ± 106.8

55.6 ± 93.7

40.8 ± 57.1

38.6 ± 61.9



Protein (g)

4.3 ± 7.5

4.0 ± 6.6

0

0




(609)

(576)

(411)

(395)


0-24 months:







Kcal

73.8 ± 117.7

63.6 ± 101.8

36.2 ± 49.7

33.7 ± 52.5



Protein (g)

5.2 ± 8.3

4.5 ± 7.2

0

0




(665)

(642)

(462)

(433)

Postnatal:


0-12 months:







Kcal

36.1 ± 64.9

27.0 ± 53.2

2.8 ± 5.2

2.4 ± 5.1



Protein (g)

2.5 ± 4.6

1.9 ± 3.8

0

0




(665)

(642)

(462)

(433)


12-24 months:







Kcal

60.9 ± 92.1

55.2 ± 85.4

11.2 ± 16.2

8.5 ± 12.9



Protein (g)

4.3 ± 6.5

3.8 ± 6.0

0

0




(609)

(576)

(411)

(395)


24-36 months:







Kcal

78.7 ± 108.5

76.1 ± 107.7

24.8 ± 31.7

18.9 ± 24.3



Protein (g)

5.4 ± 7.7

5.3 ± 7.6

0

0




(551)

(527)

(372)

(359)

TABLE A2: MEANS AND STANDARD DEVIATIONS OF SUPPLEMENT INTAKES: MAXIMUM EXPOSURE

Period of Supplementation

Atole Male(N)

Atole Female (N)

Fresco Male (N)

Fresco Female (N)

Prenatal:


Kcal

120.3 ± 98.3

101.0 ± 82.3

84.8 ± 65.9

70.8 ± 60.5


Protein (g)

8.5 ± 6.9

7.1 ± 5.8

0

0



(148)

(134)

(126)

(103)

Lactation:


0-12 months:







Kcal

171.6 ± 166.7

149.7 ± 148.5

54.4 ± 57.8

46.4 ± 53.2



Protein (g)

12.1 ± 11.8

10.6 ± 10.5

0

0




(192)

(175)

(172)

(142)


12-24 months:







Kcal

112.2 ± 131.2

109.6 ± 115.6

64.4 ± 61.5

56.6 ± 62.8



Protein (g)

7.9 ± 9.3

7.7 ± 8.2

0

0




(188)

(173)

(172)

(141)


0-24 months:







Kcal

140.8 ± 142.0

129.0 ± 124.7

59.4 ± 54.6

51.3 ± 54.4



Protein (g)

9.9 ± 10.0

9.8 ± 8.8

0

0




(192)

(175)

(172)

(142)

Postnatal:


0-12 months:







Kcal

69.4 ± 80.6

54.7 ± 65.6

4.0 ± 6.3

3.0 ± 4.5



Protein (g)

4.9 ± 5.7

3.9 ± 4.6

0

0




(192)

(175)

(172)

(142)


12-24 months:







Kcal

112.8 ± 108.6

108.3 ± 94.9

15.9 ± 17.7

11.7 ± 12.9



Protein (g)

8.0 ± 7.7

7.6 ± 6.7

0

0




(188)

(173)

(172)

(141)


24-36 months:







Kcal

137.9 ± 121.7

144.7 ± 125.1

31.2 ± 32.3

27.5 ± 24.7



Protein (g)

9.7 ± 8.6

10.2 ± 8.8

0

0




(188)

(172)

(171)

(140)