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close this bookBioconversion of Organic Residues for Rural Communities (UNU, 1979)
View the documentFrom the charter of the United Nations University
View the documentForeword
close this folderPerspectives on bioconversion of organic residues for rural communities
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentSources of available nutrients
View the documentThe most suitable materials for bioconversion
View the documentCharacteristics of residues
View the documentBioconversion systems
View the documentPhysical and chemical treatments
View the documentMicrobial conversion
View the documentThe animal conversion phase
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close this folderAvailability of organic residues as a rural resource
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View the documentDiscussion summary: Papers by van der Wal and Barreveld
close this folderMicro-organisms as tools for rural processing of organic residues
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentMicrobial utilization of mono- and di-saccharide residues
View the documentMicrobial conversion of starchy residues
View the documentMicrobial conversion of complex mixtures of compounds (Polysaccharides, Proteins, Lipids, etc.)
View the documentMicrobial utilization of cellulose and ligno-cellulose residues
View the documentAlgal culture as a source of biomass
View the documentMicrobial utilization of silviculture biomass
View the documentMicro-organisms and marine and freshwater biomass
View the documentInternational studies on processing organic residues
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close this folderProduction of feed as an objective for bioconversion systems
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentGeneral characteristics
View the documentManure as feed
View the documentSewage-grown micro-algae
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close this folderEnvironmental goals for microbial bioconversion in rural communities
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentHealth and water economy
View the documentFertilizer and energy economy
View the documentConcluding remarks
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View the documentDiscussion summary: Papers by Porter, Berk and La Rivière
close this folderStrategies for developing small-scale fermentation processes in developing countries
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close this folderProduction of microbial protein foods on edible substrates, food by-products, and ligno-cellulosic wastes
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View the documentPreface
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentContributions to the solution of nutritional problems
View the documentDevelopment of protein-rich vegetarian meat substitutes in the western world
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View the documentDiscussion summary
close this folderThe role of ruminants in the bioconversion of tropical byproducts and wastes into food and fuel
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentNutritional limitations in the use of tropical by-products and waste
View the documentPractical experience with tropical by-products and wastes as feed for ruminants
View the documentAn integrated system for converting tropical feeds and byproducts into milk, beef, and fuel
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close this folderPossible applications of enzyme technology in rural areas
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentBiocatalytic processes
View the documentEnzyme hydrolysis of manioc
View the documentWhole cell systems
View the documentCellulose degradation and utilization
View the documentTransfer of enzyme technology to rural communities
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close this folderIndian experience with treated straw as feed
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentExperience with straw treatment
View the documentField testing and demonstration of straw treatment
View the documentGeneral considerations
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View the documentAnnex 1. The energy efficiency of the two-stage, feed-fuel processing of straw in indian villages
View the documentAnnex 2. Method of calculating the value presented in table 2 for the efficiency of naoh energy usage
View the documentAnnex 3. Recommendations to farmers on the treatment of straw
View the documentAnnex 4. Calculated efficiency of milk production by straw-fed village buffaloes
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View the documentDiscussion summary
close this folderIndian experience with algal ponds
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentCultivation of algae in wastes for feed
View the documentProblems of contamination
View the documentCultivation of algae for biofertilizer
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View the documentAcknowledgements
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close this folderOrganic residues in aquaculture
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe range of production in aquaculture
View the documentThe value of organic wastes
View the documentDirect feeding
View the documentConcluding remarks
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close this folderBiogas generation: developments. Problems, and tasks - an overview
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentWhat is biogas?
View the documentMicrobiology of CH4, or bio-methanogenesis
View the documentThe biogas plant-some technical considerations
View the documentEnvironmental and operational considerations
View the documentDevelopments and processes for rural areas
View the documentCost-benefit analyses
View the documentHealth hazards
View the documentBottlenecks, considerations, and research and development
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close this folderMushroom production technology for rural development
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View the documentMaterials and methods for growing mushrooms under natural or field conditions
View the documentGrowing mushrooms under semicontrolled conditions
View the documentResults and discussion
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View the documentDiscussion summary
close this folderThe combination of algal and anaerobic waste treatment in a bioregenerative farm system
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentAlgae production on organic wastes
View the documentThe bioregenerative farm
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close this folderA continuous composting system for disposal and utilization of animal wastes at the village level
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View the documentStatus of land utilization and disposal of animal wastes
View the documentA continuous composting system for land utilization of animal wastes at the village level
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close this folderBioconversion of fruit and vegetable wastes
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View the documentState of the art of bioconversion
View the documentTechnical transfer
close this folderIntegrated research on agricultural waste reclamation
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentProduction of yeast from soybean cooking waste at miso factories
View the documentApplication of soy waste as koji substrate for rice miso manufacturing (5, 6)
View the documentConclusion
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close this folderSolid state fermentation of starchy substrates
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentMaterials and methods
View the documentAgro-economic perspectives
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close this folderProduction of single-cell protein from cellulose
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentExperimental results
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View the documentAcknowledgements
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close this folderAnalysis of energy cost of integrated systems
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View the documentEnergy cost and energy requirement
View the documentWhy energy analysis?
View the documentNet energy intensity
View the documentWhat criteria are offered by energy analysis?
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close this folderAnalysis of bioconversion systems at the village level
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentApproach to bioconversion analysis
View the documentSome results and costs from integrated systems
View the documentFuture development possibilities
View the documentConclusions
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close this folderNutritional evaluation of bioconversion products for farm animals
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentTesting procedures for determination of nutritional value
close this folderBioconversion products: toxicology - problems and potential
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close this folderNutritional evaluation in humans
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentEvaluation of products of bioconversion for human consumption
View the documentProcedures for nutritional evaluation in humans
View the documentThe evaluation of various food products
View the documentConcept of productivity
View the documentConclusions
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View the documentDiscussion summary: Papers by van Weerden, Shacklady, and Bressani
close this folderBiomass from organic residues for animal and human feeding
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close this folderAppropriate biotechnology - summary remarks
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close this folderOther UNU Publications
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