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close this bookImpact of Pesticide Use on Health in Developing Countries (IDRC, 1993, 346 p.)
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Open this folder and view contentsPart I: Epidemiology of pesticide poisoning - practical research experience in developing countries
Open this folder and view contentsPart II: Relating pesticide development, manufacturing, application techniques, and regulatory control to user safety
Open this folder and view contentsPart III: Roles of information and health services in achieving user safety
Open this folder and view contentsPart IV: Environmental concerns and alternatives to manufactured pesticides in agriculture and public health
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Acknowledgments

The editors thank James Mullin, Vice President, International Development Research Centre (IDRC), William F. Tordoir, Secretary/Treasurer, Scientific Committee on Pesticides, International Commission on Occupational Health, and Deogratias Sekimpi, Secretary/Treasurer, Scientific Committee on Occupational Health Services in Developing Countries, International Commission on Occupational Health, for their welcoming remarks at the symposium. Appreciation is also extended to William Durham and Deogratias Sekimpi for their valuable summary contributions and comments, which helped make the symposium a success. The presentations made by participants elicited a great deal of interest and discussion, both on the floor during question-and-answer periods, and outside the formal sessions. Unfortunately, not all of these comments were recorded and, in the interests of uniformity, we have not included them in this review.

IDRC International Development Research Centre
CRDI Centre de recherches pour le dloppement international

1 March 1993

Dear Reader/Librarian,

IDRC is a public corporation created by the Canadian parliament in 1970 to help developing countries find viable solutions to their problems through research. At the 1992 Earth Summit, IDRC’s mandate was broadened to emphasize sustainable development issues.

As part of IDRC’s strengthened commitment to global action and harmony, we are pleased to send you a complimentary copy of our most recent publication: The impact of pesticide use on health in developing countries (March 1993, 352 pages, 0 88936-560-1, $17.95).

The first part of this book presents a brief survey of the global situation and the results of twelve epidemiological studies carried out by researchers from Africa, Latin America, Asia and the Middle East. These focus on poisonings resulting from organophosphates, herbicides, and pyrethroids. The second part illustrates the role of the process of development, production, spraying techniques and legislation in protecting the health of workers. A discussion of the benefits and modalities of access to pertinent information for the prevention of pesticide poisonings is provided in the third section. Finally, in the fourth section, consideration is given to the advantages and disadvantages of certain alternatives to the use of synthetic pesticides in agriculture and public health, such as botanical pesticides and integrated pest management strategies.

We hope this book is a valuable addition to your collection. We would appreciate any comments you may have on this book.

Yours sincerely,
Beryl Scrivens
Marketing and Distribution Coordinator

© International Development Research Centre 1993
PO Box 8500, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1G 3H9

Forget, G. Goodman, T. de Villiers, A.

Impact of pesticide use on health in developing countries: proceedings of a symposium held in Ottawa,Canada,17-20September 1990. Ottawa, Ont., lDRC, 1993. x+335p.: ill.

/Pesticides/, /public health/, /health hazards/, /poisoning/, /developing countries/ - /epidemiology/, /research results/, /agricultural workers/, /product safety/, /occupational hygiene/, /information services/, /health services/, /pest control/, /disease control/, /conference reports/, references.

UDC: 632.95.02:614 ISBN: 0-88936-560-1

Technical editors: G.C.R. Croome, S. Garland

A microfiche edition is available.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, or otherwise, without the prior permission of the International Development Research Centre.

The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the International Development Research Centre. Mention of a proprietary name does not constitute endorsement of the product and is given only for information.

Abstract - The introduction of modern inputs, such as pesticides and chemical fertilizers, has substantially increased agricultural productivity. Pesticides have also revolutionized the fight against endemic diseases in developing countries. Unfortunately, there is reverse side to this coin: the World Health Organization estimates that these agents cause 2 million cases of poisoning a year, of which 20 000 result in death. This book contains papers presented at a symposium to review the impact of pesticide use on health in developing countries. Part I presents a brief survey of the global situation and the results of 12 epidemiologic studies carried out by researchers in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Muddle East. These focus on poisonings resulting from organophosphates, herbicides, and pyrethroids. Part II illustrates how the processes of development and production of pesticides, spraying techniques, and legislation can affect the health of workers. Part III consists of discussion of the benefits and ways of obtaining pertinent information for the prevention of pesticide poisonings. Finally, consideration is given to the advantages and disadvantages of certain alternatives to the use of synthetic pesticides in agriculture and public health, such as botanical pesticides and integrated pest management strategies.

Rm C’est avec l’introduction des intrants modernes tels les pesticides et les engrais chimiques que l’agriculture a atteint son niveau de productivitctuel. De m, les pesticides ont rlutionna lutte contre les grandes endes dans les pays en dloppement. Malheureusement, il y a un revers a mille: l’Organisation mondiale de la santstime millions par annles cas d’empoisonnement dus es agents, dont 20 000 vent mortels. Cette publication contient les communications prnt au colloque sur l’effet des pesticides sur la santans le tiers monde. La premi partie donne un aperglobal de la situation et les constatations de douze des dologiques faites par des chercheurs d’Afrique, d’Asie, d’Amque latine et du Moyen-Orient. Ces des ont portur les empoisonnements dus aux organophosphat aux herbicides et aux pyrrinoides. La deuxi partie illustre comment la crion et la production des pesticides, les techniques de pulvsation et la lslation peuvent influer sur la santes travailleurs. La troisi partie traite des avantages que prnte [‘existence d’informations pertinentes sur les pesticides pour la prntion des empoisonnements et des modalitd’acces informations. La derni partie porte sur les avantages et les inconvents, en agriculture et en santublique, de moyens de lutte autres que les pesticides synthques comme les pesticides d’origine vtale et les strates de dnse int des cultures.

Resumen - Gracias a la introduccie insumos modernos tales como pesticidas y fertilizantes qucos la agricultura ha aumentado notablemente su productividad. Los pesticidas han revolucionado a lucha contra las enfermedades endcas en los pas en desarrollo. Lamentablemente, la medalla tiene tambiun reverso: La Organizaciundial de la Salud considera que estos agentes causan 2 millones de caves en envenenamiento por ade los cuales 20 000 se traducen en muertes. En este libro se recogen las ponencias presentadas en un simposio organizado para examinar el impacto del uso de pesticidas en la salud de los habitantes de los paises en desarrollo. La Parte I presenta un breve estudio de la situacilobal y los resultados de 12 estudios epidemiolos realizados por investigadores en Africa, Asia, Amca Latina y en el Medio Oriente. Estos se centran en envenenamientos causados por fosfatos orgcos, herbicidas y piretroides. La Parte II ilustra clos procesos de desarrollo y produccie pesticidas, ticas de rociado por aspersiy la legislaciueden afectar la salud de los trabajadores. La Parte III del volumen examina los beneficios y modos de obtener la informaciertinentes para la prevencie envenenamientos por pesticidas. Finalmente, se consideran las ventajas y desventajas de ciertas alternativas hacia el uso de pesticidas sintcos tanto en agricultura como en salud pa, tales como pesticidas botcos y estrategias integradas para control de plagas.

The International Development Research Centre is a public corporation created by the Parliament of Canada in 1970 to support technical and policy research designed to adapt science and technology to the needs of developing countries. The Centre’s five program sectors are Environment and Natural Resources, Social Sciences, Health Sciences, Information Sciences and Systems, and Corporate Affairs and Initiatives. The Centre’s funds are provided by the Parliament of Canada; IDRC’s policies, however, are set by an international Board of Governors. The Centre’s headquarters are in Ottawa, Canada. Regional offices are located in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East.

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