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close this bookUN Charter of the United Nations (UN)
View the documentPreamble
View the documentChapter I: Purposes and principles
View the documentChapter II: Membership
View the documentChapter III: Organs
View the documentChapter IV: The general assembly
View the documentChapter V: The security council
View the documentChapter VI: Pacific settlement of disputes
View the documentChapter VII: Action with respect to threats to the peace, breaches of the peace, and acts of aggression
View the documentChapter VIII: Regional arrangements
View the documentChapter IX: International economic and social co-operation
View the documentChapter X: The economic and social council
View the documentChapter XI: Declaration regarding non-self-governing territories
View the documentChapter XII: International trusteeship system
View the documentChapter XIII: The trusteeship council
View the documentChapter XIV: The international court of justice
View the documentChapter XV: The secretariat
View the documentChapter XVI: Miscellaneous provisions
View the documentChapter XVII: Transitional security arrangements
View the documentChapter XVIII: Amendments
View the documentChapter XIX: Ratification and signature

Chapter XIV: The international court of justice

Article 92

The International Court of Justice shall be the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It shall function in accordance with the annexed Statute which is based upon the Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice and forms an integral part of the present Charter.

Article 93

1. All Members of the United Nations are ipso facto parties to the Statute of the International Court of Justice.

2. A state which is not a Member of the United Nations may become a party to the Statute of the International Court of Justice on conditions to be determined in each case by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

Article 94

1. Each Member of the United Nations undertakes to comply with the decision of the International Court of Justice in any case to which it is a party.

2. If any party to a case fails to perform the obligations incumbent upon it under a judgment rendered by the Court, the other party may have recourse to the Security Council, which may, if it deems necessary, make recommendations or decide upon measures to be taken to give effect to the judgment.

Article 95

Nothing in the present Charter shall prevent Members of the United Nations from entrusting the solution of their differences to other tribunals by virtue of agreements already in existence or which may be concluded in the future.

Article 96

1. The General Assembly or the Security Council may request the International Court of Justice to give an advisory opinion on any legal question.

2. Other organs of the United Nations and specialized agencies, which may at any time be so authorized by the General Assembly, may also request advisory opinions of the Court on legal questions arising within the scope of their activities.