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close this bookUN Charter of the United Nations (UN)
View the documentPreamble
View the documentChapter I: Purposes and principles
View the documentChapter II: Membership
View the documentChapter III: Organs
View the documentChapter IV: The general assembly
View the documentChapter V: The security council
View the documentChapter VI: Pacific settlement of disputes
View the documentChapter VII: Action with respect to threats to the peace, breaches of the peace, and acts of aggression
View the documentChapter VIII: Regional arrangements
View the documentChapter IX: International economic and social co-operation
View the documentChapter X: The economic and social council
View the documentChapter XI: Declaration regarding non-self-governing territories
View the documentChapter XII: International trusteeship system
View the documentChapter XIII: The trusteeship council
View the documentChapter XIV: The international court of justice
View the documentChapter XV: The secretariat
View the documentChapter XVI: Miscellaneous provisions
View the documentChapter XVII: Transitional security arrangements
View the documentChapter XVIII: Amendments
View the documentChapter XIX: Ratification and signature

Chapter VIII: Regional arrangements

Article 52

1. Nothing in the present Charter precludes the existence of regional arrangements or agencies for dealing with such matters relating to the maintenance of international peace and security as are appropriate for regional action, provided that such arrangements or agencies and their activities are consistent with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations.

2. The Members of the United Nations entering into such arrangements or constituting such agencies shall make every effort to achieve pacific settlement of local disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies before referring them to the Security Council.

3. The Security Council shall encourage the development of pacific settlement of local disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies either on the initiative of the states concerned or by reference from the Security Council.

4. This Article in no way impairs the application of Articles 34 and 35.

Article 53

1. The Security Council shall, where appropriate, utilize such regional arrangements or agencies for enforcement action under its authority. But no enforcement action shall be taken under regional arrangements or by regional agencies without the authorization of the Security Council, with the exception of measures against any enemy state, as defined in paragraph 2 of this Article, provided for pursuant to Article 107 or in regional arrangements directed against renewal of aggressive policy on the part of any such state, until such time as the Organization may, on request of the Governments concerned, be charged with the responsibility for preventing further aggression by such a state.

2. The term enemy state as used in paragraph 1 of this Article applies to any state which during the Second World War has been an enemy of any signatory of the present Charter.

Article 54

The Security Council shall at all times be kept fully informed of activities undertaken or in contemplation under regional arrangements or by regional agencies for the maintenance of international peace and security.