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close this bookCommunity Participation - Solid Waste Management in Low-Income Housing Projects: The Scope for Community Participation (HABITAT, 1989, 54 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentGuidelines for the instructor
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentI. Waste management in human settlements
View the documentII. Waste collection
View the documentIII. Storage of waste
View the documentIV. Waste disposal-methods
View the documentV. Resource recovery: handling and dealing in waste
Open this folder and view contentsVI. Recycling examples
View the documentGlossary
View the documentBibliography
Open this folder and view contentsAnnexes

Guidelines for the instructor

This module has been prepared as a general introduction to community participation in waste management. It provides background information on the facilities and systems used in urban-waste collection and disposal, on storage and transport facilities and on waste-disposal methods. As local conditions of city management and settlement development determine the relevant options, the final choice of community involvement depends on community-specific factors. The instructor should, therefore, collect information on specific local practices. The instructor must collect, beforehand, the answers to the specified questions.

Target group

Project staff (project managers, engineers, community development officers).

Number of participants

10 -20 people


Five days


Easy access to low-income community, dump site and, if relevant, small industrial area (informal-sector recycling).


Chalkboard, slide projector, overhead projector. A set of overhead sheets, based on the drawings in this module, can be obtained from the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat).


“Garbage Boy”, a television film on life on a municipal refuse dump (Bangkok, Asian Institute of Technology, Human Settlements Division, Information Project 808).


(a) A local case study analysing conditions in residential areas is essential to put the module's material in local perspective.

(b) Basic information about the actual performance and cost of municipal service is equally important. This should include data on the social and political aspects of waste collection in low-income and high-income areas, as mentioned in the module.

(c) Information on attitudes towards waste management in communities is essential for the discussion on community involvement.