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close this bookAppropriate Community Technology - A Training Manual (Peace Corps, 1982, 685 p.)
close this folderPhase IV: Solar water heaters
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPhase IV Calendar
View the documentSession 1. The role of the volunteer in development: international development part 2: the green revolution: successes and failures
View the documentSession 2. Introduction to solar water heaters
View the documentSession 3. Assessing community water needs and uses
View the documentSession 4. Introduction to solar water heating: determining hot water demand
View the documentSession 5. Plumbing a solar water heater
View the documentSession 6. Sizing a solar water heater
View the documentSession 7. Demonstrating a technical concept
View the documentSession 8. Shade mapping and solar siting
View the documentSession 9. Design of solar water heaters.
View the documentSession 10. Construction of solar water heaters
View the documentSession 11. Multi-media standard first aid
View the documentSession 12. Wind technology
View the documentSession 13. Volunteer in development part 2: women in development
View the documentSession 14. House design in four climates
View the documentSession 15. Presentation of solar water heaters

Session 11. Multi-media standard first aid

Total time:

8 hours


* To discuss cross-cultural factors which influence the way in which first aid is applied

* To discuss first aid as an appropriate technology for health

* To develop first aid skills and knowledge


* American Red Cross, Multi-Media Standard First Aid Instructor's Manual

* Werner, Where There Is No Doctor, pp. 75-106

Trainer Notes

* The Multi-Media Standard First Aid course offered by the American Red Cross provides a film, a student workbook, a first aid text and a final examination.

* This course can be obtained by contacting in advance any American Red Cross office. Outside of the United States, the central Red Cross office in the capital city should be contacted.


Film, projector and screen. Chalkboard or newsprint and felt-tip pens.

Trainer Notes

The Multi-Media course packet includes all necessary materials (bandages, splints, blankets, certificates, etc.) for conducting this course.


Trainer Notes

The Multi-Media course is recommended and covers all areas of emergency "first response." The course certifies participants in basic first aid for two years. It must be administered by a certified instructor. If any participants are already certified, they may serve as technical assistants. The course is designed in four units and can be given in one full day or spread out over several days.

If there are more than 15 participants, it is recommended that you obtain assistance from an additional certified instructor.

Step 1. (20 minutes)
Give a brief introductory talk and encourage a discussion about the role of the Volunteer in emergency situations.

Trainer Notes

Include the following points:

* A definition of first aid.
* An understanding that the role of the volunteer does NOT include being a "barefoot doctor"
* The issue of fear and panic as a response to emergencies
* The appropriate applications in cross-cultural settings (sex roles, customs, legalities, etc.)
* The idea of first aid as an appropriate technology for health and self-reliance

Step 2. (7 hours, 30 minutes)
Conduct the four units of the course as described in the Instructor's Manual.

Step 3. (10 minutes)
Reconvene and evaluate the first aid course.

Trainer Notes

The following questions will stimulate discussion:

* Do you feel the course has prepared you to respond to emergency situations?
* Was the format effective?
* How could the session be improved?

Encourage participants to investigate in-country emergency volunteer facilities.