|Introduction to Social Security (ILO, 1984, 200 p.)|
The cost of social security: Twelfth international inquiry, 1981-1983
These inquiries aim, first, at establishing a consolidated statement of the financial operations of social security schemes existing in various countries and coming within the scope of the inquiry; and second, at providing an international comparison of the data by determining trends in social security costs during the period under review and by comparing the distribution of the cost of social security between different sources of revenue and between different types of social security scheme. The twelfth international inquiry contains eight comparative tables, together with national accounts data, population data and consumer price indices.
50 Swiss francs
From pyramid to pillar: Population change and social security in Europe
The social security systems developed over the years in most European countries are under threat. The population of Europe is ageing, in that the number of elderly people is growing steadily while the birth rate has declined drastically. This means that the so-called population "pyramid" is now taking on the form of a pillar as the apex of the pyramid is filled out by the older age groups. The result is that a smaller working-age population will have to support a greater number of retired persons.
This topical and thought-provoking study, to which eminent European specialists have contributed, examines the way in which this unprecedented phenomenon is expected to influence the future of social protection in Europe. Conversely, it comments on the possible influence of comprehensive family policies, including social security measures, on demographic change. After taking stock of the major population trends to the year 2025, using the most recent available data, it analyses three important aspects: social security measures designed to support and strengthen the family; income maintenance for the elderly, particularly through pension schemes; and the increasing cost of medical care financed by social security. It lays stress on innovative policies with regard to retirement pensions and health care systems to meet the specific needs of the elderly.
The book suggests broad guide-lines for further reflection on a subject which will no doubt remain one of the foremost concerns of policy-makers, and of course the social partners, over the next few decades. It points the way to possible solutions compatible with both moral and financial imperatives, so that the health and well-being of the elderly are not sacrificed on the altar of economic rationalism.
ISBN 92-2-106456-5 (limp cover)
27.50 Swiss francs
ISBN 92-2-106497-2 (hard cover)
40 Swiss francs
Into the twenty-first century: The development of social security
This report by ten eminent independent experts was commissioned by the Director-General of the ILO to examine the arguments concerning the current role of social security and the scope for its future development. It sets out a coherent philosophy for the development of social security over the next 20 years and beyond. The experts argue that the current "crisis" in social security is a symptom rather than a cause of the present economic recession and that the cure must be found in wider economic policy rather than in any radical surgery aimed at the Welfare State; and they show that many of the solutions offered to current problems are far from being as viable as their proponents would suggest.
Adaptations and extensions of social security are suggested to provide for new life-styles, to give equal rights to men and women, to make provision for further risks, and to improve the response of social security institutions to the needs of different users. The report places considerable emphasis on a preventive approach by a whole range of services deploying different skills to help people not only to maintain their working capacity but also to enhance their quality of life. The vanquishing of poverty is brought into the forefront among the aims of social security policies.
A remarkable feature of the report is the almost total agreement of the ten experts from ten different countries. Its conclusions and recommendations are bound to be quoted and debated for many years to come.
22.50 Swiss francs
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