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close this bookOutreach N° 97 - Children in especially Difficult Circumstances - Part 2: Children Affected by Catastrophes (OUTREACH - UNEP - WWF, 70 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentOUTREACH information packs
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentLocation map
View the documentHow to use OUTREACH packs
View the documentOUTREACH packs on Children in Especially Difficult Circumstances
View the documentHow to use OUTREACH pack no. 97
View the documentChildren: casualties of war - article
View the documentThe dispossessed - questions and answers
View the documentNew faces, new places: learning about people on the move - educational resources
View the documentTake refuge! - class/group activity
View the documentThe refugee game - class/group activity
View the documentAIDS Orphans - article
View the documentLives of children in especially difficult circumstances: Part 2: casualties of armed conflicts, environmental disasters and the AIDS pandemic - articles and activities
View the documentHelping children in difficult circumstances - article
View the documentHow Maria helps Anna - picture story
View the documentSupporting children in difficult circumstances: the school-family-community relationship - strategies
View the documentChild-to-Child activities for helping children who experience war, disaster or conflict - activities
View the documentThe Kids from Somalia - cartoons
View the documentTreating war-traumatized children - interview
View the documentTaking conflict resolution techniques to the front lines - article
View the documentI know a lot, I can do a lot, but I need to understand: cognition through games - activities
View the documentRefugees: a resource book for 8-13 year olds - educational resources
View the documentLet a puppet do the talking - activity
View the documentDanger! Land-mines! - article
View the documentZones of peace - article
View the documentDeveloping stories Series II: a film series on people, population and migration - film review
View the documentOne day we had to run! - educational resources
View the documentChildren in difficult circumstances: publications - publications
View the documentChildren in difficult circumstances: casualties of war, displacement and the AIDS pandemic - film, video and radio resources

Children in difficult circumstances: casualties of war, displacement and the AIDS pandemic - film, video and radio resources


The following films and videos are available to TV stations, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and other educational organisations in Low and Middle Income Countries through the MOVING PICTURES service of the Television Trust for the Environment. For further information contact:

TVE Distribution and Training Centre, Postbus 7, 3700 AA Zeist, The Netherlands tel: (31) 3404 20499 fax: (31) 3404 22484

* indicates certain restrictions


Length: 52'
Language: English
Production Co: Central/Observer
Production in association with TVE
Producers/Directors: Lawrence Moore and Robbie Stamp

One third of the six million people on the earth today are children under the age of 16. In the next ten years another one-and-a-half billion will be born into a world whose resources are already under enormous pressure. Throughout the world children are abused, neglected, malnourished, exploited and neglected -the most vulnerable victims of an increasingly degraded global environment. This award-winning film explores how environmental problems are affecting the lives of children. Case studies are provided of children from Poland, India, Sudan, Bolivia, the United States and the UK -children who can look forward only to an uncertain future, and whose dilemmas mirror those confronting millions of children throughout the world. In one of the most harrowing sequences, the film looks at the plight of 11-year old Fatima and her family and the growing problem of environmental refugees in Sudan - a problem which many climatotogists now believe will be exacerbated by global warming.


Length: 4x52'
Language: English
Production Co: Yorkshire TV/International Broadcasting Trust
Exec. Producers: Grant McKee, Paddy Coulter
Producers: Has Franey, Ian Stuttard, Roger Finnigan
Directors: Ian Stuttard, Roger Finnigan

The series, THE DISPOSSESSED, looks at the plight of refugees around the world. The first programme, A WORLD ON THE MOVE, goes behind the scenes of UNHCR in Geneva and examines the dilemmas it faces in setting priorities when the agency itself is suffering from a chronic shortage of funds. Director Ian Stuttard uses the example of the refugee situation in Malawi, where one in ten of the population is a refugee from civil war in neighbouring Mozambique, to underline the precarious nature of life for camp dwellers where food, water and medicine depend upon the voluntary contributions of Western governments. The second film, STRANGERS IN THEIR OWN LAND, is set in Iraq and the Philippines and focuses on the tragic predicament of the millions of people who are displaced from their homes in their own countries, but whose plight is classified by the UN as the 'internal matter' of a sovereign state. NO GOING BACK looks at Afghan refugees in Pakistan, and FORTRESS EUROPE reports on how the rich European nations are preparing for the single market of 1993 by erecting an elaborate system of controls and deterrents to keep out asylum seekers from the less developed world.


Video tape, 1992
Length: 28'
Language: English
Distributors: TVE and UNICEF

For more than two decades in the Philippines, a nationwide conflict between leftist insurgents and government forces has turned rural communities into battlefields. About half of all civilian victims of the insurgency war are children. Children see their parents die, are separated from families, homes and communities. They suffer from hidden wounds, the psychosocial effects of war which are potentially more harmful than many physical injuries. Efforts are being made to nurture these children back to health and to protect them as they represent the country's future.


Series 1


Length: 50'
Language: Arabic, English, French, Spanish and Portuguese subtitles Production Co: Media for TV and Cinema Production and Distribution/BBC Producer. Mai Masri Directors: Mai Masri and Jean Chamoun

The film explores the devastating effects of Lebanon's 16-year old civil war on its people and their environment. Through the lives of four Lebanese from very different backgrounds, the documentary tells the story of a Beirut community's struggle to reconstruct their lives after the war. The film assesses the appalling impact of modern warfare on the environment, and looks ahead to a new conflict in the making - this time over the Middle East's most precious commodity, water.


Length: 12 x 15'
Language: English
Production Co: TV Communications
Director: Bjoar Bye
Distributor: TV Communications, PO Box 272 Sentrum, N-0103 Oslo, Norway Tel: (47 2) 20 0674 Fax: (47 22 20 0708 also
TVE Netherlands

Pallah from Cambodia is out herding his mother's cows when he steps on a mine. Pallah survives, but loses both his legs and his left eye. What does the future hold for Pallah and the children of Cambodia? In Latvia, school friends Rolands and Edmunds spend most of their time selling postcards to the tourists of Riga. Their families disapprove. A 'children's Mafia' is moving in to control the business. And in India, Kalinga is the puppy who befriends a group of children on the streets of Bangalore. Kalinga joins the children as they pick paper from the streets and ends up finding a house for them to live in. Then one day Kalinga disappears. What can have happened to the children's best friend?

From Cambodia, Latvia and India, this imaginative series moves to Peru, Brazil, Guatemala, Indonesia, Tanzania and Zambia. In Mozambique, the civil war is over and the refugees are coming home. Maria and her family set out from a camp in Zimbabwe. Maria hasn't seen her home for years. Will she recognise the place? Will she remember the people? Made for children and resolutely about children, these are twelve telling tales of growing up in an uncertain world.


Video tape
Length: 42'
Language: English, French, Swahili
Production Co: Small World Productions
Producer: Carey Newson
Director: Jamie Hartzell

Uganda is one of many African countries where a generation of 'AIDS orphans' is growing up without parental guidance or support. This film focuses on Rakai District where at least 30,000 children are orphans. Local community leaders, social workers and health and development professionals explain why assisting orphans through the community is more effective than institutional care.


Length: 15' Language:
Agency: International Development Research Centre/Swedish Ministry of Health and Social Affairs Production Co: Global Village
Producer: Ribert Reiss Andersson
Director: Staffan Hildebrand

Intimate interviews, inspired dancing and original music performances lead to an in-depth and spirited view of how six teenagers from different countries -Sweden, Brazil, United States, Canada, Kenya and Thailand - are handling the AIDS crisis in each of their cultures.


Length: 48'
Language: English
Production Co: Uganda TV/Johns Hopkins University
Producer/Director: John Riber/Faustin Misanvu

Suna, a young Ugandan businessman, is devastated by the news that he is infected with HIV. His wife and newborn child also contract the virus. IT'S NOT EASY is Africa's first full-length drama on AIDS. Through the eyes of Suna's family, the film boldly illustrates the immense difficulties of coping with imminent sickness and death, alongside the stigma attached to the disease in an uninformed society.


Length: 26'
Language: English
Production Co: Taft Television
Producer/Director: Alma Taft

Every day in New York a baby is born carrying the HIV virus. More often than not, these babies are abandoned by their mothers. This sensitive film reveals how the people of the city have responded to the crisis with heart-warming alacrity.


The following film, video and radio resources are available from UNICEF. Video tapes are available for duplication on to any video standard or format. Films are distributed in 16mm only. Radio programmes may be ordered on cassette or on individual reels. Non-governmental organisations, broadcast and cable stations and other institutions may order these resources from:

UNICEF Headquarters, Division of Information, Chief Radio/TV/Film Section,

UNICEF House, 3 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017 USA tel: 212 326-7290 fax: 212 326-7731


Video tape, 1990
Length: 27'
Language: English
A UNICEF and WIN co-production

This programme deals with the plight of civilians in a country torn by civil war and gives a history of the conflict. It shows the war's impact on women and children throughout Afghanistan and in refugee camps in Pakistan, detailing the struggle for survival by children in an impoverished society. The programme also looks at the work of UN agencies and highlights the need for international aid.


Video tape, 1993
Length: 10'
Language: English

Children and women severely affected by the crisis situation in war-torn Angola are the focus of relief efforts organised by the United Nations and other agencies.


Video tape, 1993
Length: 19'
English subtitles
Production Co: VideoPress, Sarajevo

This documentary provides a glimpse of how children and their parents cope with the cold winter in Sarajevo, in the former Yugoslavia. A child chops up a chair for firewood, a mother feeds a dying stove fire with a plastic toy plane and a sneaker. Children collect water, learn English on the radio, attend classes by candlelight.


The story of unaccompanied children of southern Sudan

Video tape, 1993
Length: 13'
Language: English

This programme documents the plight of a group of young boys who escaped the civil conflict in southern Sudan in 1988 and moved from refugee camps in Ethiopia to Kenya in 1992. Photos of the boys were distributed all over the country and 156 of them were subsequently re-united with their families.


Video tape, 1993
Length: 30'
Language: English

Children of different and mixed ethnic origins in former Yugoslavia talk about their own experiences of war. Some of them describe ethnic purification and express their hopes for peace. In a camp in Croatia for displaced Muslims, the children attend school where some of them are treated for war trauma.


Cassettes, 1989
Length: 6 x 15'
Language: English
A UNICEF/BBC Co-production

These programmes examine the lives of children whose human rights are systematically violated. Each programme features a specific situation - ranging from the right to basic health care to the right to protection from armed conflicts. They reveal the need for greater legal protection, which will be provided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child. These programmes were recorded in India, Mexico, Mozambique, the Philippines and the United States, and are accompanied by a listener's discussion guide.


The three UNHCR videos described below are available in English, French or Spanish on Pal, Secam or NTSC. They may be purchased for US$ 15.00 each from Public Information Section UNHCR, CH-1211 Geneva 2 Depot, Switzerland.


Length: 9'
Produced by UNHCR
Training Section

In camps and settlements, in urban and rural settings, half of the world's refugees are children. Refugee children have the same basic needs as other children. But they also have additional, extraordinary needs. As a concrete example of its commitment to children, UNHCR has established guidelines to help working with those children. (Publication is entitled Refugee Children: Guidelines on Protection and Care published by UNHCR 1994, available in English and French). A

Promise to Keep is a video presentation designed to accompany these guidelines and help those working with refugee children evaluate and improve their work.


Length: 15'
Produced by UNHCR
Training Section

Chenge Tembo is 14 years old. He and his family left Mozambique for the security of a refugee settlement in Zambia. He feels fortunate to have survived the brutalities of the war he left behind. But he can't forget what happened the night he was forced to flee from his village. For Chenge and many other refugee children, their dreams are haunted by memories of war and violence.

Pieces of Dreams is a case study of the work being done in Zambia to help children and their families prepare for a more hopeful future. For use in training sessions, discussions and staff meetings. Accompanied by a discussion guide.


Length: 14'
Produced by UNHCR Public
Information Section.

"If everyone were to make an effort, this world would be a lot better place to live. Even if me or the class, if we were to make an effort, it would make even a little difference." Taking the advice of Nashak, a 5th grader at the International School in Geneva, UNHCR has produced a film about children for children. Children from around the world recount their experiences, talk about their needs and give advice on how to end the refugee problem. Their statements are an inspiration as well as a warning of what the future holds if the problem is not solved. Adults will learn from the wise words of these children.



Video tape only, 1987
Length: 40'
Language: English
Production Co: British Refugee Council
Producer: Erik Crone
Director: Morten Arnfred
Distributor: British Refugee Council
Bondway House, 319
Bondway, London SW8 1SJ, UK
Tel: (44) 71 582 6922

Refugee status, as observed and told by children, provides a poignant story. Morten Arnfred's film exposes the lives of individuals who are dignified, resourceful and positive in spite of everything. There is Fatima in a refugee camp in Sudan, waiting for her family to be reunited with her father and return to Chad; orphaned Antonio and Maria in a refugee camp in Mexico waiting for news of repatriation to their beloved Guatemala; and Nhue in a Hong Kong refugee camp, who escaped from Vietnam in a fishing boat.


Length: 50'
Language: English
Production Co: M.T.C.
Producer/Director: Mat Mash
Distributor: BBC Enterprises, Woodlands, 80 Wood Lane, London W12 0TT, UK
Tel: (44) 81 576 2415
Fax: (44) 81 576 2867

This film takes us inside the lives of the children of the Palestinian uprising. Hundreds of Palestinian children have been killed and more than 60,000 injured. Even children under 10 have been arrested. The film shows that while the psychological impact of the prolonged curfews, house demolitions, raids in the middle of the night and the repeated closure of schools has had a tremendous effect on the children, they still have hope for their future.


Length: 17'
Language: English
Production Co: Epidem
Producer: David Benchetrit
Director: Iikka Vehkalati
Distributor: Epidem. Kalvankatu 34, 00180, Helsinki, Finland
Tel: (358) 069 31323
Fax: (358) 069 47885

Nadia Shamud, a 13-year old Palestinian girl, was born in prison: her parents had been sentenced to life imprisonment after setting off bombs in Afula and Haifa in Israel. The bombs that shattered the market towns also fragmented Nadia's childhood. Nadia retells her tragic life. She defends her parents' actions. The Jews are killing us," declares Nadia, "We have no choice but to kill them first." Yet she vows not to be caught up in the brutal world of terrorism. Living with her grandmother in the village of Sulam, Nadia talks about how she has been shunned by the local community. "Even the small children avoid me," she says. "I am a victim because I was born in prison." Her only wish is to be reunited with her mother living in exile in Algeria. The film highlights the devastating impact war has on its most innocent victims.


Length 59'
Language: English
Production Co: A Barraclough Carey Production for Channel 4
Producer/Director: Jenny Barraclough, Clifford Bestall
Distributor: Channel 4 International sales
124-126 Horseferry Road, London W1P 2AX, UK
Tel: (44) 71 396 4444
Fax: (44) 71 306 8363

Eighteen years of civil war between the government of Angola and right-wing rebels UNITA have left a country of great potential wealth, shattered and dislocated -its people killed, maimed, uprooted and impoverished. This documentary focuses on the country's most recent generation, those least able to fend for themselves who will, if they survive, carry the scars of war into adulthood. With a virtually worthless currency, a tremendous influx of refugees and a total breakdown of transport, sanitation and power systems, life in the capital city Luanda, has become intolerable. The city is full of children orphaned or separated from their families who scrape a living by stealing and begging. Those that can't five on their wits don't survive long. Others, hurt in the fighting, become separated when sent to Luanda's pitifully inadequate hospital -although now Save the Children has begun a programme to reunite some with their families. For all this, the children who take part in the film display a remarkable resilience, hope and bravery - qualities they will need in abundance if they are to survive the turmoil of the years ahead.


Video tape available in PAL, or NTSC on VHS or Betamax
Length: 24'
Language: English
Producers: Department of Mass Communications, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand for the Bernard van Leer Foundation
Distributor: The Communications Section, Bernard van Leer Foundation, PO Box 82334, 2508 EH The Hague, The Netherlands
Tel: (070) 351 2040
Fax: 350 2373

The video shows the way in which care for the preschool refugee children living in Khao I Dang camp near the Cambodian border is integrated with training programmes for their parents. The mothers are taught weaving and sewing, and the fathers make toys and equipment. A 'printery' produces posters and books on paper and on cloth, and training courses are run for child care workers.