Cover Image
close this bookInvestigating Bilingual Literacy: Evidence from Malawi and Zambia - Education research paper No. 24 (DFID, 1998, 99 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentDepartment for International Development - Education Papers
View the documentList of other DFID education papers available in this series
View the documentOther DFID education studies also available
View the documentAcknowledgements
Open this folder and view contents1 Introduction
Open this folder and view contents2 Background: Malawi and Zambia
Open this folder and view contents3 Teaching reading in Malawi and Zambia
Open this folder and view contents4 Reading research: 1992
Open this folder and view contents5 The 1994 research
Open this folder and view contents6 Individual reading sessions
Open this folder and view contents7 Individual reading sessions
Open this folder and view contents8 Discussion
View the documentReferences
View the documentAppendix A - Approaches to teaching initial reading
View the documentAppendix B - Transcript of two lessons
View the documentAppendix C - Texts for two lessons
View the documentAppendix D - Extracts from English ''word find'' reading test, 1992
View the documentAppendix E - Extracts from Chichewa and Nyanja reading tests 1992
View the documentAppendix F - Extracts from English reading test, 1994
View the documentAppendix G - Extracts from Chichewa and Nyanja tests, 1994
View the documentAppendix H - Histograms of 1994 test results
View the documentAppendix I - Text for Chichewa/Nyanja individual reading

Appendix C - Texts for two lessons

Text 1.

Text for Transcript 1, Appendix B. This extract from English in Malawi, Pupil's Book 2 (p. 46) was written on the board during the lesson. The teacher had a book, and about a quarter of the 128 children had access to a book, which contained an illustration of two children and a storekeeper in a store.

Timve and Tsala are inside the store.
They are buying things for mother.

Are they buying matches?
No, they are not.
They are not buying matches.

Are they buying bottles?
No, they are not.
They are not buying bottles.

Are they buying tins?
No, they are not.
They are not buying tins.

They are buying sugar.
They are buying tea.
They are buying sugar and tea.
They are buying things for mother.

Text 2

Text for Transcript 2, Appendix B. This extract from Zambia Primary Course, Reader 3 was copied on to the board immediately before the lesson. None of the 45 pupils had a book.

"Look at that hippo's mouth, Father. It is very big isn't it?" said Chuma.
"Yes, hippos have very big mouths," said his father. "Crocodiles have very big mouths too."

Chuma and his father walked away from the river. They walked away from the crocodiles. They walked away from the hippos. Now they were walking between the trees. They walked slowly and quietly between the trees. They were walking slowly and quietly when they saw a very big rhino. The rhino was near a tree and he was eating grass.